not only in her playing, but in her teaching and in the affairs she promoted, in which she introduced leading M mFlicid from Boston, and the years that she spent there in Sout usiclans mouth saw many musical advances. That she was -ifl h, ~1~eyv up her musical activities I proved when I met her, very PIE

East Weymouth is justly proud of C. Will Bailey, who, at seventy years of age, is still an acceptable singer and is in his fifty-third year of almost continuous service in the White Church (Congregational) of East Weymouth. The first music he remembers he ])card, when, sick of a fever, as a little boy, he sought to go to sleep because the doctor had said that sleep would be better than medicine. But tile constant barking of a neighbor's (log annoyed him so that his mother, sitting beside him, sing-songed these words:

The little boy with a fever was lulled to sleep by the united power of music and a mother's love. lie was at first a boy septa" o, and -it nineteen his real voice began to manifest itself, having changed from a high soprano to a deep low bass, developing a range of over two octaves. Like others that I have mentioned, Mr. Bailey has given freely of his vocal ability, receiving great pleasure himself. Besides his long service in the church at East Weymouth ' lie san 9 in the First Unitarian Church of Waltham and in the Baptist Church at Weymouth Landing. This last service was through the generositv of the late Marshall C. Dizer, who engaged at his own e.\pense %Its. George Baker (Alida Diller), Mrs. Ellen Drew, La. Forest Lincoln and Mr. Bailey. My sister, Angie M. G. I 'und. phtyed the organ. I remembet that huminer well, and all anthem diev repeated several times by request, in which Mr. Bailey had a notable solo. It was by the late Eugene V. Thayer, an organist and teacher, tinder whom solne of its had studied, and the words of Mr. Bailey's solo were; "My Shepherd is the living God, I know no craving need." Mr. Bailey's singing of it was authoritative and convincing. That last statement is not surprising when Mr. Bailey tells you that his favorite quotation is: "Music is the only art that can calm the agitation of the soul and put the devil to flight."

From the Pine Tree State, which, as you know, has produced many great singers, three brothers came to Weymouth in the early" part of the nineteenth century. They were descended from Francis Baker, who came over in the "Planter" from England in 1635 and settled in Littlefield, Me. There were, in all, nine brothers and 1' sisters, and Ashford, William K. and George S. Baker came here. Ashford was already married, his wife being Julia Ann Holmes of Augusta, Me. William K. married a daughter of Peter Cushing, t~

EW,a Jane ~Nfr~ William 1. Mcfntyre), Julia Ashford (Mrs. Ed. ask Linton), Alice May (Mrs. Ed. Frank Worster) and William ry, killed at the second battle of Bull Run.

Both Mary Ellen and Emma Jane! were fine singers. I say this the unanimous opinion of those who knew them, for Mrs. McIn"re had married and left Weymouth before my day. I know that 114m Pierce had a fine voice, because I heard her in her middle life libed can easily imagine what it might have been. Julia (Mrs. Lin-

dbe'singer for whom several of his vocal compositions were written. Ajice. the second (laughter, has a sweet, clear soprano voice and tt~Wled and sang as a girl. Little Enid, burn in ilic old Tuf is house as Commercial Street when the farnily occupied it, now womann, ought to sing if she follows the family tradition,

I-'lliot C. Pierce, who married Mary Ellen Baker, more later.
iD( their children, the son, Will, seemed to manifest no special
susical ability. The daughter, Kate (Mrs. W. E, Thayer) was
manv years a supervisor of drawing in the public schools both of
Past . on and Brooklyn, N. Y., and is an artist and teacher of ability.
Ifer son, Elliot Pierce Thayer, now- in college, turns many a good
Mny as a member of an orchestra. A younger daughter of Elliot C.
,11"IdMary E'llen Baker Pierce, Madge (now Mrs. Alexander Barnett),
""t sonic of her early life on tile stage where her skilfull dancing
#,emplified ill rhythm her musical temperament.

Both Mary Ellen and Emma Jane Baker sang at the Universalist Cburch, but at one time Mary Ellen and her husband (Elliot C. pierce) were members of a rather wonderful choir, si . nging in anized i

Trinity Episcopal Church, then newly org, n Weymouth.
"W late Edward Avery was one of the basses, Lewis Pratt sang

tefor, Miss Carrie Avery (see the Averys) and a Miss Haskell, I-About whom I seem to know little, sang alto, and Susie Porter,

J~qbugfiter of Thomas Porter, played the organ. It was somewhat
!Wore my day of musical enjoyment, but all who heard them agreed
that their music was very fine. In the nineties, one time at my,

father's home on Commercial Street, Mrs, Pierce and some others wre present when we were trying over some old church music. ,A~'e all sang, and Mrs. Pierce's voice ' even then, gave no contra'4fktion to her reputation for fine singing, One anthem we sang W" "Come, Holy Spirit," by Warren, with a soprano solo and a ,soprano and tenor duet, ill Which my father joined. It was thirty )"rs ago, but I have riot ceased to remember it.


William K. Baker, the second brother, married in Weymout the daughter of Peter Cushing. Mr. Baker sang for years in th Universalist Church, a good, faithful choir singer. None of thei large family was especiany uin'sica's Ittort'gh 0 fll~ girls pln"M .~A SaLng as became girls in a family where e~fca-tional adva`n_ta_g-e-~&'1 were possible. Grace, the youngest child (now the wife of Dr. C. P.,~l Garey), found her expression through the pencil, and her designs. ", both for China silks and carpet, have been numerous and remunera.'~ five. However, the son William, married Eva Flender (spoken of earlier as belonging to tile Baptist choir and of whom more later), and they are the parents of a famous singer, Percy Forsaith Baker, who possesses a baritone voice of great sweetness and strength which lie uses exceedingly well. He was a member of the Common. wealth Quartet for some years, and, with his genial disposition, i; Weymouth is justly proud of him and of the fact that she gave41 him to the city of Boston.

The third brother, George S., married Caroline Binney (her father, Silas Binney, sang in the old Union Church choir). Their eldest daughter, Ella (now the widow of Willard K. Richards), was an early woman organist in this part of the country, thorough. painstaking, a good student and an excellent reader. She played in Hingham at the Old Ship, at the Union Church in South J\'cy. mouth, in East Weymouth and in her own home town, and she has always had a reputation for her musical ability and attainment. Hattie (now the widow of Mason Bachelder) sang for years in the Cori gregational choir, taught music in our public schools, and has been an artist of considerable ability, both in oils and water colom. Willing and executive by nature, she has coached and put on many no entertainment in the village, proving tier directive as w

,e` tier musical ability. George Herbert, the son, besides having skiiii, as a musician, a good voice and interpretive power, has followed out his artistic inheritance, turning to interior decorating, becrutk art, after all, is not confined to any one field, but finds expression in the beautiful way of doing things. He married Edith Humphrey, of East Weymouth, and their daughter Hazel has a voice so beau. tiful and promising that when she sang before Melba, the diva urged tier to give tip everything but Music, and to study pianoforte and voice and study hard because the girl had a fortune in her voice.

Up near the Baptist Church, some time in the seventies, Calvin Baker was making, repairing and playing violins, and Nellie Baker, his daughter, was the first woman violinist I had ever seen.

Preaching at the Baptist Church was the Rev. William C. Wright, a fine musician, and one who probably knew more about music from a professional standpoint than many in the town who were earning a livelihood by music. Not entirely to the satisfacti . on of his congregation, he had some wonderfully interesting musical Sunday nights at his church. The Baker father and daughter, with M r * Wright at the piano, played trios from the old masters. Israel Daley brought his violin; his son, John Daley, was playing the

a man's, Came and sang, and the Baptist people, while they appre
I ellence of I . he whole t . ning, were not qui
ted the musica exc .. uze
W to the propriety of such a concert on Sunday night in a church
their then strict denomination.

'"spected him and admired his musicianship. My father took me
'with him, and I was put among the altos, sitting beside Mrs.
Ekan~or (Smith) Holmes and the late Miss Jane Clapp. We had
~ywse good things that winter. For the first time I began to appre
I . L part-singing meant, - the balance of (lie alto, tile true
.lot what ic bass, and why the tenor was sometimes called
xation in the intermission, Mr. Wright would
piano, and, throwing back his head, with its
g and play to us some song of his own choosing.

I, the downhill of life, when I find I'm declining,
May my fate no less fortunate be,
Than a snut elbow chair can afford for reclining,
And a cot t at o'erlooks the wiLle sea.

That he had a good voice, I feel very sure; that his style and
egunciation were excellent, I am positive.
In the list of North Weymouth singers were Elizabeth (Dizer)
rrell and Anne (Dizer) Canterbury. They were the daughters of
Irl wife, who was a French, and there is record of
jo~hn Di,er and his Dizer, married
the Frenclies also singing. Their brother, Marshall
mlia I)CIltoll, of a musical family, and the youngest child of tll;lt
jurriage, Alida, now Mrs. George W. Baker, early displayed niore
than usual musical ability. She was.given a most liberal musical
,ducation, and easily became a musician of whom the village of
F large were justly proud. Pos
,ut Weymouth and the town at -

,essed of a most pleasing personality and giving generously of herlelf and her musical ability, while she has moved away frorn %%'Milouth, Site is certainly not forgotten 1~y her native town.


the Baptist church, where her father was a prominent member. 1"des that, she sang for years in the Methodist Church of East IN,trymouth, at the Old Ship in Hingham, and in several other places.

She taught pianoforte very successfully in East Weymouth, and
lay is a power in the musical circles and in the Professional
ston. She belonged to that generous group who
their best to Weymouth, and who helped to
which is tile warp and woof of this chapter.
en, Mrs. Baker made her singing debut at a
st Church in Weymouth. One of her numbers

was Arditti's "ll Bacio." Those of us who had appreciated her at the piano were delighted and overjoyed to find that she was equally an artist when she sang.
Iva Hen 'er 'Mrs. A. W. Baker), to whom reference has been
c. n G kivi
made, Laura North, who spent her early years in Weymouth, and
Nellie Sanborn (the late Mrs. Fred Sulis), cousins, contributed
more to the musical life of the years from 1875 on than any other
family group that I can think of.

Mrs. Baker had a clear, ringing soprano voice, rather of the dra. matic quality, always sweet, always true, and she was always pleasant and obliging when called upon. Was there a concert to be gotten up? Ask Eva Baker. Was there a funeral? Probably Eva would sing. No money was paid for such funeral music in those clays, and no one was refused. Many a time when I was attending the high school in Weymouth, my father called me out to sing bass at a funeral, with Mrs. Baker or Mrs. Bryant (Mary Bourne) soprano, Mrs. Lizzie Tirrell Richards or Mary Whiting, alto, and himself as tenor. We held a hurried rehearsal somewhere and then we sang.

Alphaeus Bates played the organ in the Union Church of Wey. mouth and Braintree about 1860, for my father "took lessons" of him about that time, previous to the Saturday evening choir rehearsal at the church. His father was Frank Bates, a great choir leader and organizer of singing schools in the early nineteenth century. Alphaeus Bates married Hannah Smith, whose mother was a Cushing, descended from David Cushing (see Eleanor Smith Holines and Lewis E. Tilden). He was a thorough musician, sing' ing and playing well with his daughter Mary, afterwards Mrs. Lyons of Brockton and with her forming a part of the clientele of the Arion-Cecilias, of which more later. Mrs. Lyons is a contralto and thoroughly musical as becomes the daughter of such a family. A younger daughter, Alma, years after, studied pianoforte with me, and used to be considerably amused that her father taught mine and I was teaching her.

A matter referred to earlier which still puzzles the writer is the fact that, with a paid music teacher in our public schools, a matter of perhaps forty years' standing in Weymouth, there has been a proportionate decline during those years in the available material out of wbich church choirs are made. My father, Simeon ~~7. Gutterson, his predecessors and his immediate successor, had no difficulty in obtaining a large, though a changing, volunteer chorus choir. Such a thing, is now becoming almost an impossibility. Is it a foregone conclusion, or is there a remedy? About thirty years ago, in order to have any assured singing in the country churches, it became necessary to pay one singer, at least, usually a soprano, and Miss Bessie Bates of East 'Neymouth, though a contralto, was one of the number. I think her first position was at the Uni. versalist Church in Weymouth Landing, where her line singing N 9 a great feature, Her coming was much talked about. Of Wey-

mouth ancestry, we felt not only justly proud of her, but quite complacent to claim her as ours. Other churches were obliged to follow, and I think within ten years from- that timp

church in Weymouth was paying at least one singer, What a difference from the voluminous records of the early chorus choirs in the first part of the nineteenth century! And no soloist and no quartet can ever sing the wonderful old songs that we used to hear.

The Bicknells, an old Weymouth family, were musical in all their branches. Stephen and two brothers, men older than I, possessed fine natural tenor voices, and were in great demand for concerts and entertainments. Stephen married a Miss Pertillow of Weymouth, herself a musician. Of their two daukhters, Viola, the younger, is the owner of a remarkable contralto voice. Under the teaching of Miss Gertrude Edmands of Hingham, Miss Bick,tell came dangerously near to being a great artist, that danger having been averted only by her attention to her duties as a teacher in the Boston Public Schools. (Of the Bicknells more later.)

There are many branches of the Blanchard family in Wevrnouth, and I think all are musical. Nathaniel Blanchard married Susan Maria Hunt. Their oldest daughter, Susan, was one of the most thorough and painstaking pianoforte teachers Weymouth has ever seen. In my childhood Miss Susan Blanchard arid a cousin of tiers, Mrs. Rebecca Hunt Thompson, were teaching about all the children of Weymouth Landing and East Braintree who studied pianoforte. Miss Blanchard had much the larger class, as Mrs. Thompson preferred spending what time she could devote to music on an advanced grade which, I am sure, better satisfied her musical Tstlieticism. Miss Blanchard was busy from early morning Monday until her Saturday night choir rehearsal, and to study with her meant that: one surely had something to carry away from one's lesson, for I don't think she ever absolutely failed with a pupil. I know what she did for me, and whatever musical ability I may have displayed and all musical attainment which I ever achieved had its foundation and beginnings in the hours that were spent under her tutelage. To this dispassionate tribute many now living Would gratcfully subscribe, and score,, pa.,sed on, in their day must haVC paid her the mine loving testimony. She was a power, and her works live after her.

Her sisters all sang and played. Lizzie, Annie, Carrie, Nellie and Alice, all in turn, were members of the Union Church choir, and their brother Wilt sang a heavy bass. He and his sister Alice, the youngest, alone survive that large family. Alice sang almost before she could talk, and possessed a sweet, flexible and high soprano voice. Although she was younger than 1, we were in a small set in high school, and had the "Pinafore'' craze, Alice singing .. u.,ephine," Wallace Leonard (his mother was a French), " Ralph", Annie Pratt, "Buttercup," with Grace Baker, " Flebe," and Charles


Carey " Captain Corcoran." We practised and sang and had a good time at the various houses. One night, I remember (it came out that the clock had stopped while we were making candy), considerably after I A.NT., a group of appreliensive children - we' were called children in those days - hurried out and to our homes under the cold midnight sky, wordering just what reception awaited each. The Blanchard's was a thoroughly musical home. There were two pianos, an unusual thing in the Country in those days, plenty of music for eight hands, and three or four daughter.%, Cilready skilfull musicians, presided over by our acknowledged priestess of music, Miss Susie. Besides, all sang, for they were true Hunts.

Miss Evelyn Blanchard of North Weymouth was also one of Miss Susie's accomplished pianoforte pupils. I think she was younger than 1, but evidently a better student, for her numbers were much harder and therefore came later on the recital programs which used to be a musical feature at the closing of the study season, and were held in the lecture room of the old Union Church. We all waited and listened with fascinated pleasure to the "hard" pieces Evelyn could so seemingly easily perform. It was at one of those recitals that I attempted my first presentation speech. We had collected money to give our beloved teacher a black walnut music rack, and, as the oldest boy, I was selected to present it. Over and over I had studied the four lines my mother had written out for me, and over and over I had said them to her. But when I came to speak them to our teacher they were not there. However, that gracious lady, taking the cabinet from my trembling hands.said, I hope with as much truth as grace, " It is very unexpected, and I am very much obliged "

Louise Blanchard, the daughter of Isaac and his wife Ruth Willis, both of the Landing, was a schoolmate and friend of my inother's, and sang and played, the family owning one of the few pianos of the fifties. The last years of her life were spent in Haverhill, but when, in January, 1917, 1 laid my mother to rest in the village cemetery, an hour later the body of Louise Blanchard was placed not far from that of her schoolmate of long ago. Somehow it seemed comfort. ing and less lonesome that those two old friends should be left there together.

With a modesty which certainly has a commendable side, neither Mr. Stephen C. Burgoyne nor his sister Addie (Mrs. Charles H. Chubbuck) has furnished me much data regarding their musical work in Weymouth. East Weymouth, however, well remembers the musical life of their mother, Mrs. Augusta Burgoyne

a daughter of the late Stephen Cain), and honorable mention of her may be found in the records of the Wesleyan Society. Both brother and sister were students of mine, and their public career was as satisfactory as were their student days. Stephen played in the Methodist Church for years tunefully and well, bringing out skil. f Lilly the tones of that fine organ. It was at his instigation that the

ment was thoroughly overhauled a few years ago. It still instru

stands a monument to the effect of the softening hand of time upon
both wood and metal. From the writer's point of view, it is inch
2' 4~;ng to replace a reclaimable piano or a mellow old
organ with a modern instrument. The church organs in Europe,
maliy of them, are hundreds of years old, and carefully repaired

"i~ and restored as occasion requires. That is why the American, when be lisiens to their tones, finds a musical uplift lie does not always .%perience in his own country, and likewise it is why the European N:isitor here gets the impression of noise rather than of the softened

bending of pipes and reeds to which lie is accustomed at home. This may be a new thought to some reader, but let me refer such to the better known fact that the value of a violin increases with its age. The analogy, however, holds, and it is no slander to the artisan of to-day to refer regretfully to the better and more skilful work of ~biq predecessor of years ago.

Further to illustrate: About thirty years ago it became necessary to make some repairs on the tiny one-manual organ in Trinity 'Church, Weymouth. lt~ was my good fortune to be allowed to do that work, and as an illustration of the decadence at least of materials in this age, so valuable was the old metal removed to make room for new pipes, -as the old ones had fallen from place or become crushed by their own weight, - and so inferior was pipe metal of thirty years, ago, so full of alloy as compared with that of ,the day when the organ was first built, that when the repairs were completed the committee, if I remember correctly, found that

ot in debt to the repairer, but that he was in debt to .they were n

,them because of the superior value of the metal removed. This
Jact Mr. Burgoyne well knew, and lie was able to take advantage of
his knowledge when he rebuilt the organ in the Methodist Church.
n the Universalist Church

1,%Irs, Chubbuck, I think, is still playing i in North Weymouth, where she has been for sonie time, and where ~ber smooth devotional organ playing must be a most helpful part of the whole service. Mrs. S. C. Burgoyne was a Garey of the wellknown musical family, and the Burgoyne children could not help being musical if they tried.

From the earliest days the Burrell family and all its branches I and descendants have been famous as musicians, particularly as instrumentalists. It was my fortune when but a boy to come under the teaching of one of that family, the late William Burrell, organ~Ist, pianist and clarinetist. How lie could play! And how lie

J~Vnkrtted me to learn to play! But I had not then the vision, my
Toint of view being that of the averag~ ten-year-old boy. I wanted
the fruit without tilling the ground. But he was both painstaking
and patient, and the seed sown was not . all lost, though I certainly
did not then appreciate my opportunity in studying under so
Veirsatile and musicianly an instructor. I was conscious even then,

the concerts of that day to hear Mr. Burrell and his talented wife

(Ida Young) perform together. I still have a song that used to be oil their programs:

How they could sing! And how the tones of the clarinet used to follow her voice! Mr. Burrell played the organ, first at the White Church in East Weymouth, and then at the Porter Church in Brockton. He must have been one of the first among the many Weymouth musicians to carry the musical torch outside his native village. A son of these two famous people, Carl, still living in Brockton, has earned quite a reputation as a pianist, as, indeed, how could he help doing with such an inheritance and the environment of a musical home?

My generation and the one next older were thrilled, entertained and enthused by such as William Burrell and their work, but like all of us who are passing, to this generation we are scarcely even a name. But we have had our day, and with the egotism of middle age, which is certainly not the egotism of youth, standing here with so much of life behind me, I say with deliberation, "We did our work well."

From another branch of the Burrell family, in the last half of the list century, came a well-known violinist, Oliver Burrell ' A Cl~uLlghter, Mrs. Sadie Burrell Plaisted, sang both in Weymouth and in her present home, California. Another daughter, Mrs. A. 1_ Flint, is a musician of the type of which the writer is justly proud because she and many like her have lived their useful lives contrib. uting of their best in the town in which they were born. As site says of herself, "I remember my first public appearance in North Weymouth when I was eight years old. I played and sang a song. . . . As my father Oliver Burrell, used to play the violin. . . . 11, took me along to ~lay the organ, for there were only a few pianos in those days, and often he carried our own little organ with us."

She was organist of the First Unitarian Church of East Wey. mouth from 1888 to 1907, playing at the services held in the after. 1100TI, In the meantime she became organist for the Old North Church in 1890, playing at the morning services there for twemy. three years. Mrs. Flint's reason for resigning at the Old North Church was that she was getting too old to play, but fortunately for the cause of music in Weymouth, when, later, the Baptist Church wanted her, she went there, staying two years, and at the present time is at the Universalist Church in Weymouth Landing. Mrs. Flint was q pupit of Alphaeus Bates, and her contributions to me for this article have been most valuable, and I gratefully ac. knowledge them at this time. Mrs. Flint's daughter, now Mrs. Evelyn Sherman Philbrook, began her singing career while her mother was organist in the First Church of Weymouth.

Mi'ss Fannie Burrell (see ],rank Vining), daughter of John 13. Burrell, played the organ that was destroyed by fire in the Metb(_

dist Church Feb. 25, 1870. When the new church building was being erected, Z. I, Bicknell purchased the present organ from the Hanover Street Church of Boston, and gave it to the Methodist society in May, 1870. It had been installed when the church was dedicated Nov. 23, 1870. Miss Grace Burrell, now Mrs. William Roach of Milford, N. H., was another musician of Weymouth. She was a granddaughter of Asa Hunt.

Another musical family in East Weymouth, the Nathan Canter, burys, father, mother and children, all sang, and the son, Lewis, carried the banner to Boston where he sang at Trinity, St. Paul's and other large churches. He is now making his home in the Middle West.

Associated with Merton Allen, mentioned earlier in this chapter, were two musicians pleasantly and familiarly called Benrie Clapp and Sammie Denton. Both were instrumentalists and both cMue good-naturedly to augment the old folks' concerts and sings which were being given in various parts of the town at that time and later. .Mr. Clapp was a brother both of the late James Henry Clapp and of Edwin Clapp, and got his musical ability from his mother's family. Mr. Denton was a cousin of Mrs. Marshall C. Dizer, and married Minnie Bicknell of East Weymouth. She sang for years in the Baptist Church choir, and her daughter, Clara, was training to be an organist at the time of her early death.

Of the Clapp family, Miss Emma, a daughter of Augustus and Eleanor Richards Clapp, was perhaps the most famous. Emma Clapp's maternal grandmother was Elizabeth Hunt, and people now living agree that she was the most famous of the famous Hunt family. She had a sweet, p~easant and well-trained voice, and sang for years in the Union Congregational Church. Her name will he found in the list of that society's chorus. l,"fizabeth Hunt married h',lias Richards, and a son of theirs who left Weymouth and located in the South before My remembrance was said to have been a good singer and a finished musician. One daughter, Eleanor, became the mother of Emma Clapp. Another daughter, Susan Richards, pleasantly known as "Sunie," for many years was one of the choir in the Universalist Church to which reference has been made. Site sing all the oratorio solos of which she was especially fond.

Miss 1,'luiua Clapp, besides possessing a soprano voice mWer considerable cultivation, taught piano in Weymouth and played for many years at the Universalist Church, though at a Much later (late than the sixties of which I have been speaking, Mrs. Eleanor ,Srnith Holmes (see the Cushing family) and her brother Dana were itlembers of that choir, having come at that time from the Union Church. The Baker brothers, William and George, were also in this choir. They were music lovers if not great musicians. There was also a rather noted soprano whom I heard only in mid(fle age at old folks' concerts and general sings, but who was said to have possessed a rather famous trill; site was Mrs. Ann (Williams) Sinith.


Though not Weymouth born, Miss Ella Clark and her brother Freq came to Weymouth with their sister, the wife of the late judge Louis A. Cook, and contributed greatly to South Weymoi ih'. musical prestige in the late nineties and ~arly part of this ceritury. Miss Clark had a fine contralto voice under excellent cut tivation and her brother Fred was the Possessor of an equally fine and well' cultivated baritone voice. They were heard always with pleasure in both concert and church work ' and were great assets in tile musical life of South Weymouth.

It has happened curiously that, in my recollection of musical Weymouth Landing, the churches in turn have had their high-water mark musically. Of the Union Church and its famous choir more will be said as we discuss the various branches of the Hill] t family. With tile organization of the Universalist Church, and owing to Some disturbances ill the Union Church at that time, sev

prominent families rallied around tile eral very
ached a very high standard. Mrs. Elliot
the early sixties re, new creed. Their music in
Pierce (Mary Ellen Baker) and Miss Mary Ellen Cook (later NtIrs.'
George Field,and still later Mrs.Alburn Sterling) were young women
and in a sense rivals, though I am sure they were then and always
friends.. At one time when a cantata was given two evenings in
Succession, one young lady sang the title r5le the first night, the
other following the next evening, Had there been art unhappy
emotion in either of their hearts over that affair, I am sure that those
arranging the program would not have permitted the thing to be.
Elliott C. Pierce, later Major Pierce, and the husband of Miss
Baker, sang the leading man's part, and I am sure that his sister
Fannie must have coached it.

The Cushing family were also old-time singers. The name of one ancestor, Thomas, will be found in the membership list of the Union Singing Society, He had one son ' David, who, perhaps, was better known musically than any member of that choir. A daugh. ter, Rachel, became Mrs. Darius Smith ' and her daughter Eleanor_;,~ (Mrs. Eleanor Smith Holmes) possessed a fine contralto voice, studied under Julius Eichberg at the Boston Conservatory, and with her brother Dana was a famous singer in the Universalist choir half a century ago. A brother of Rachel, Simeon , was the father of the late Mrs. Francis Tilden and the grandfather of tile talented and lamented Lewis I-. Tilden of whom Weymouth Land. ing was justly proud. Another daughter of Simeon, Mrs. George Porter, was the mother of Dr. Charles 1. Porter now of Canton, and Susan Hunt Porter, now Mrs. Walter E. Thompson of East Brain. tree. This brother and sister (the Porters) could not escape being musical, for their father's mother was one of the famous Hunts, so that they possess a double musical inheritance. Susie Porter Sang in the Old North Church of Weymouth.

Mrs. Elizabeth F. Leavitt, formerly of Weymouth and now a resident of Brooklyn, N. Y., was Elizabeth Cushing before her Marriage. Her son Charles is prominent as a musician ill Brooklyn.


He plays the French horn in the Mecca and Kismet Shrine bands
and in the Grotto band. He also plays the viola in a string quarter
of the Aurora Grotto of Scottish Rite Masons. He has also been
an instructor of musical classes in the , V. M. H. A., and plays tile
cello, the banjo and the violin.

Abbie Pratt, Mrs. Dennison of Wollaston, the daughter of Frank Pratt, was born and raised in Weymouth, for you will find her anrestry mentioned in the annals of the North Wevmouth singing bocieties. She began her musical career in the high se'llool, where tier natural ability and some cultivation made her a great hell) in the school singing of that day. With tier pleasing manner and pleasant voice she sang, for some years at tile Old North Church, and, in tier new home, I sincerely hope that *Ile is singing now.

The very first reply to my advertisement in the "Gazette," three years ago, was from Mrs. William DeNeill in regard to tier father, the late John Viger, a musician in the Civil War, She told me that he marched away from Weymouth with his company and was never heard of again, Ile left a wife, a daughter Nellie and a son John, who died in his school days. Nellie became Mrs. DeNcill, and she has had an interesting family of children who were all little folks

together. Joseph studied violin at the Quincy Music School.

J %Vill iam came to ine for pianoforte lessons. Both boys were musical, ss, indeed, were tile whole family, and before long Joseph and Wl . .

Illam were busy around the neighborhood playing pianoforte J., and violin for concerts and dances, and playing well, too. William afterwards became assistant United States consul in Japan, and now occupies a similar position. By the operation of the law of inheritance, Mrs. DeNeill's grandchildren should be musical.

Over fifty years ago Howard M. Dow, then one of the most prominent or6anists and accompanists of Boston, purchased a house in Weymouth Heights, then North Weymouth, under the eaves of the Old First Church, and made his home there for about thirty years. Many of the young people of that day studied with him, and, being a prominent Mason, and a great friend of the late it that time was commander of tile Col. B. S. Lovell, who, I think, ,

G. A. R. in Weymouth, his influence musically was tremendous, and it is impossibic toestiniatewhat heand themusical friends whom he brought to Weymouth accomplished in the cause of musical appreciation. Never shall I forget the first time I saw him, because it was my first big concert. It was exactly May 30, 1873. 1 was not yet nine years old, but my father took me to the old Town House for what proved to be the first and last time I ever heard Adelaide phillips, and the first but not the last time for me to hear and meet Henry Clay Barnabee, Mrs. Hialen Carter (Mrs. George Hardy "'right) and Howard M. Dow himself, for all three later became my close friends. Never have I heard anything that surpassed Adelaide Phillips as she sang a little " Laughing Song." Such rippies, such manner! My eyes must have bulged. In the interlude she toyed with a tiny bouquet which seemed to hang from tier


little finger. Forty-seven years after, when it came in the way of the Winslow Associates to buy some of the effects of the departed diva, there came into my possession, as one of the Winslow Asso.

ClaLeb, a 1ILLIC gVIU 1111YICU UUUqUUL-'W~U~ oo , --- -u lilig mr

the little finger which probably glittered before my eyes that night~ in 1873.

Besides the singers mentioned, Mr. Dow brought to those con. certs- Camilla Urso, then probably the foremost violinist of her day; the famous Mendelssohn Male Quartet, a combination of four artists who, in the late seventies, did a great deal of Masonic'. work; Mrs. J. H. Long, who was Geraldine Farrar's first teacher; Alta Pease, a famous contralto of the early eighties; Avon D. Saxon, a baritone; Mrs. Jennie Patrick Walker; C. N. Allen and his wife (Mrs. E. Humphrey Allen), - great persons in my day who over. whelmed me, hero worshiper as I was, when I met them from time to time under Mr. Dow's hospitable roof, for I became his son Arthur's churn at school in the late seventies.

Personally, I cannot pay too great a tribute to the memory of Howard M. Dow. It was be who gave me my first engagement in Boston. I played for him the last Sundays in June and the first in September while he was away filling an engagement at the so-called " Beacon Street Church " at Nahant, a position he held for twenty. fiveconsecutive years. At the Church of the Unity on West Newton Street, where I went first, there was Charles R. Adams, tenor, fresh from a long engagement as the only American tenor at the Vienna Opera House. Mrs. Lizzie V. C. Richardson was soprano, Annie Lord (the late Mrs. Harry Hooper), alto, and either Harry Cornell or Jacob Benzing sang bass. I shall never forget those Sundays and how kind those big people were to the twerity-year-old bov from the country, and how big of Howard M. Dow to give tile and other Weymouth people the chance to appear ill Boston, for Mrs. Fannie Wilde Preston, born in Weymouth Heights, sang at the Unity after she was widowed; Mrs. Ellen Drew of East Weymouth followed ]ter; Percy F. Baker (see Eva Hender, Mrs. Willie Baker) sang one or two seasons at Nahant; and though for the moment niv memory fails me, I am sure other Weymouth men and women were the recipients of musical favors at Mr. Dow's hands,

Never did I hear Mr. Dow say an unkind word about anybody, but many pleasani things, and When, ill 1884, his brother, Deacon Dow of the South Baptist Church, South Boston, asked him about cl young man of good character to play the organ for their church, lie said, in reply: "John Gutterson is just the man if you can gel him," and they could get him, and I went to Boston at five times the salary little Trinity Church was paying me. "If you can get him!" What tact, what infmite kindness and forethought! He was always like that. In the next few years Weymouth Heights was pleasantly known as the ]ionic of Howard M. Dow, and as lie at that time was rivaled as an organist and accompanist perhaps only by the late B. J. Large, it meant a great musical lift for Weymouth. I could

fifty chapters as my mind runs back so pleasantly over those ngs at Weymouth Heights. The talented daughter, Lilian I thp widow of Albert W. Dow, her cousin), and Arthur M.

~e_r brother, were both musical (they could hardly help being to). they both sang, and the two younger children sat and listened. 'Noi least in the happy company was the late Mrs. Dow herself, ~whorn her friends lovingly called "Mollie." She was not musical, ~but oh, so charmingly critical of the noises we younger people made jo the name of music. I

Susan Josephine Dowse (see Mrs. Albert Edward Avery) was the daughter of Susan Loud and the late Benjamin Dowse. Susan Loud was the daughter of the late John W. Loud and his wife,

v, Susan Torrey, who was a distant cousin of Chief justice William t,~ Howard Taft. Susan (Mrs. Loud) and her sister, Deborah Torrey, 0 were the granddaughters of Dr. Jantes Torrey of South Weymouth, and they, the two girls, were famous singers in the Old South choir.

tile Loud family, from which Mrs. Avery is descended, more later. All branches of that family are musical.

%lileyrnouth, and sang in the First Universalist Church, Columbus

oston, familiarly known as "Dr. Miner's church,'' a Avenue, B

church which has always been noted for its fine singing. She was a concert singer of note up to and after her marriage to Albert Avery. The children of this marriage, besides inheriting the musical ability of the Torreys and the Louds, also derived advantages from the Averys, the Hunts and the Stetsons. Susan Avery, the oldest daughter, is a cultured soprano; her voice is said to be like her nia1,rnal grandmother's. She has sung for fifteen years in the Union Church, and has always been interested ill musical work. Stetson,

~colld Soil, took the musical course at Harvard College, and is the se

a SO lo violinist and orchestra player as all nVOCatiOn. Dorothy, the yungest child, is a graduate of the New England Conservatory of N

, us ic in organ, with a four years' course in composition, has laught piano, played the organ in church, and directed choirs. Such a family record of musical activity gives notable support to the theory that musical ability.is best developed by training in the home,

of We id organizations of our town with her fine

the various churches at presence, her I)eqLltifUl contralto voice and her always correct rendition. Besides singing in East Weymouth regularly and at tile Church of the Unity with Mr. Dow, and at the Baptist Church in %~'eyrnouth (see earlier mention) she sang for a while at the Old Ship in Hingham, and during many longer and shorter engagements

elsewhere, always pleasing and 'always gracious.

late Dea. Josiah Reed, one of the members of the South Weymouth Singing Society, has been a singer of note and a valued member of the Union Church choir, South Weymouth.


When Charles G. Estabrook became owner and editor of the
"Weymouth Gazette," he brought his wife, Flora D. Estabrook
who had been a valued member of the South Baptist choir in Sout~
Boston, where . bot . h Lewis I ilden and I afterward played, and the,
choir at the Weymouth Baptist Church were very glad indeed to
welcome her into their midst. It was at least sixty years ago, and
she brought an element into that organization which had its influ.
ence. She read well, sang every note at the rehearsals, and helped
to elevate a rehearsal into a period of accomplishment as well as a
social good time. My father was the chorister in those days, and
I know how much he appreciated her singing and her co-operation.
Mrs. Augusta Hobart, afterwards Mrs. Albert Sanborn, Mrs.
Joseph Richards, and later Mr. John Daley were the organists
both on the little cabinet organ and later on the big new organ which
took its place somewhere, I think, about 1872. Mr. Daley, who'
was a son of Israel A. Daley, the violinist, mentioned in the records
of the Wesleyan Singing Society, and as playing in the Baptist
Church of Weymouth, married Miss Augusta Estabrook, and both
died early in life of that New England scourge, consumption. A
younger daughter, Lilian Estabrook, distinguished herself as a
singer, but married young, becoming Mrs. Whittemore of South
Hadley Falls. With her family and her mother, who is still living
at a great age, she spends her summers on the North Weymouth

In the records of the South Parish are the names of three Sprague sisters who sang, and of one, Eunice, who played the organ. It was, left to Fannie, the youngest of the Sprague sisters, to add to Wey. mouth's musical prestige in the city of Boston, Fannie Sprague Foster, the wife of Charles Foster, also of South Weymouth and: also a singer, sang soprano for years at the Hawes Unitarian Church in South Boston. Part of that time I was playing at the Firs Baptist Church, corner of Broadway and F Streets. George Bunt.' ing, the bass at the Hawes Church, a man older in years and in musical experience than were we two from Weymouth, told me at that time that he considered there was no finer church soprano in Boston than Mrs. Foster, and he knew of no one whose phrasing was more correct and musical. Middle-aged as I am, it is exceedingly difficult to avoid being personal and even garrulous as I think Of those days and those people. We weie serious and we did our wor

well, which statement has a familiar sound, as I am sure I have made it once before in this chapter, and while we sang or played for money, I know that we also sang and played with a love for the profession we had espoused. Mr. Foster sang a good deal in his native tow

and was an excellent church choir tenor. They have a musical
daughter and are grandparents now, but they have been strong
factors in musical Weymouth.

South Weymouth, the home of so many fine singers, at one time boasted four famous girls who formed themselves into a quartet than which I have heard none better, - Fannie Sprague Foster, the

Ute lamented Mrs. Fobert, Nellie Nolan (Mrs. John Carroll) and
Annie Dean. How those girls could sing, individually and to
gether. Miss Deane is still living in Weymouth, where, besides her
she is buiqv with dramatic entertainments in
which she manifests ability as a character artist. She was one of
the first (I think Mrs. Foster was the second) of a large company
of us who, in the last decades of the nineteenth century, left Wey
Inouth every Sunday morning to fill positions in Boston choirs.
There were Howard M. Dow, Arthur Raymond, Josie Dowse (Mrs.
~Albert Avery), Lewis Tilden, myself, Irank 0. Nash, E. Walter
Arriold, for a while Mrs. Eva Baker, Mrs. Drew, later Percy Baker,
Annie Estelle Powers (Mrs. Will Hollis), Lewis Canterbury, Helen
Allen Hunt, Porter Pratt, Stephen Pratt, Jennie Barker Worster,
and more I am sure I shall think of as I take them up individually.

One of the most accomplished musicians in the near-by town of Rockland, Mass., is Mrs. Mildred Garey French Fish, the wife of Arthur L. Fish. Her father is Stephen French, of a musical family; her mother was a Garey, with both Rice and Bates inheritance. Her maternal grandfather, John Hutchins Garey, was an old-time

~'singing school leader, and conducted choirs in Fairhaven and New Bedford. Mrs. Fish's Aunt Sarah became Mrs. Quinn, and was a Yarnous soprano in East Weymouth in the eighties and nineties. Among Mrs. Fish's brothers and sisters are a sister, Lucinda Salis. bury French, who has studied the violin, and two brothers, Samuel and Malcolm, who have sung with Miss French for many years in the South Weymouth Universalist choir. Of Mrs. Fish's cousins, one, Dr. William P. Pratt, is an organist, and another, Ruth Mil. dred Pratt, has for four years been organist of the Porter Methodist Episcopal Church, East Weymouth.

Mrs. Fish's musical education was obtained in her own town and in Boston, She played in the Universalist churches of Hingham and South Weymouth, and at present is organist on the memorial organ of the First Baptist Church in Rockland. She is pianist of the Mozart Instrumental Quartette, and for several years has been on the music committee of the Rockland Woman's Club. She formed the Rockland Choral Society, and has been president of it since its organization in March, 1921.

Weymouth has often been enriched Musically by the coming of some farnily or families who have brought their singing members, with them. There came from the State of Maine, that home of notable musicians, a family by the name of Fuller, and each of the three daughters in turn became the mother of a notably musical child.

one of the Fuller sisters married James Herder. Their daughter Eva has been referred to under her maiden name, and also as Mrs. William Baker. Without doubt ~he was a great singer, for I never knew or heard of her not making good musically in any of the varied lines of musical work which she essayed. She must have been a natural reader, for in about ten years of rehearsals, while I was also


a member of the Baptist choir, Eva, as we always pleasantly called ]act, was ever the leader and always far arid correctly in advance, With infinite patience and good nature she sang and sanu ag *

- gain
until all knew their notes. What tons of unappreciated effort site
and those like her freely gave! Her son Percy has been mentioned
for his wonderful baritone voice and his excellent professional

Another Fuller girl married Woodbury P. Sanborn. He possessed a rather good tenor voice and loved music. Their daughter Nellie played and sang almost before she could balance herself on the piano stool. She taught, and, in time, became Mrs. Fred Subs. Until the time of her death, a few years ago, she was actively Linter. ested in the musical affairs of the Baptist Church, played the organ for a number of years (as did also her daughter, Mrs. Frank Bryant) and was one of that large group to whom I have referred who gave so freely of their musical inheritance and of their more or less valLiable time. Her cousins Eva Hencler and Laura North (Mrs. Ingliani), a daughter of the other Fuller sister who married Leonard North, were also members of that altruistic company,

The Sanborris had a son, Walter, who manifested no musical ability. He married Etta Thayer. Their son Russell, to be mentioned later, perhaps inheriting the Fuller musical inclination, or perhaps, more likely, influenced by Aunt Nellie's constant musical atmosphere, has made a name and a fame for himself, of which more later.

The Carey family in East Weymouth, the late Captain Carey, his son, Minot T. Carey, his daughter, Mrs. Stephen Burgoyne, previously referred to, and another son, Dr. Charles P. Carey, who married Grace, a daughter of the late William T. Baker, were all choir singers. Dr. Carey attained quite a reputation as a soloist, possessing a good baritone voice and a pleasing manner. Wallace M. Leonard, whose mother was a French, Dr. Charles 1. Porter, previously referred to, Dr. Carey and the writer were members of a quartet that sang during our high school days.

The Baptist choir in the eighties, when under the leadership of Mr. E'. W. Arnold, was augmented by three members of the Graves family of North Weyul(unh, Frank singing tenor, Mr. Samuel Graves, bass, and the daughter, Miss Cora, being a soprano. Thc~ were all musicians as well, a combination which does not always follow, for I know musicians who are not singers or performers, and we are obliged to listen to many who are not musicians. They brought with them at times a very fine contralto, Mrs. Sarah Newcomb, and I have pleasant and still vivid recollections of duets by Mrs. Baker and Vrs. Newcomb.

In Milford, N. H., in 1795, John Gutterson was born. He mar. ried very young, Martha Sawtell, two years his junior, and the couple were valuable members of the choir in the village in which they lived. Of their twelve children, two daughters were in great demand at the country funerals round about, and often drove miles

to sing their simple duets, sometimes even for strangers, who knew of them simply as "the singing Gutterson girls."

Two brothers. Joseph. born in 1814 and Simeon, 1832, came to I~Iey . mouth. A daugh`te~ of the former, Flora (Mrs. William Alden), is said to have possessed a wonderful alto voice. She sang in the Baptist Church until her marriage and her early death in 1869. ,Anot"r daughter, Frances (Mrs. A. W. Preston), sang soprano in the same church, and, going to live in Brookline after her marriage, L,ecame quite a power in the Baptist Church in that town. A ,,inddaughter of Joseph, Alice (Mrs. Edward Senior), born in 1869 ' has played considerably in Weymouth Landing, and has also been organist both at the Episcopal and Universalist Churches there.

ather, Simeon W. Gutterson, sang in this town for forty years t Nly f

A.ith no training but that afforded by the singing school. He poswssed a good voice, however, and loved to use it. In his last illness shen he was confined to his bed, as I sat at the piano in another room, he would sing tenor to his favorite hymns until the pianist

would have to imi
posture enough to go on with the hymn singing.

Nly musical life is too well known and has been so kindly considered that I do not venture to add any word to it at this time. I played both at Trinity Church and in the old Union Church of 1%'eymouth and Braintree , at the South Baptist Church in Boston, at St. Barnabas' Church in Falmouth, at the First Parish Unitarian Church, South Street, Brighton, the Central Congregational Church, Newtonville, Unity Church, North Easton, arid the Old Ship, Hingham, twenty-nine consecutive years, with settlement work Sunday afternoons, a Sunday evening chorus in East Milton for about eight years, and five years at the Ford Hail meetings on

a church or hall in Weymouth in Beacon Hill. There is scarcely

own town has honored me most profitably. My sister Angie (1873), Nits. Charles Benson Lurid, sang contralto here and played the organ for many years, and I feel sure, is pleasantly remembered for her music. She is still helpfully at work in her home in Groton, near New London, Conn. Not feeling herself too 41 to Icarn, shc is at.

present taking a weekly lesson in voice. Margaret Deland said, ,'When you feel that you are too old to do a thing, do it," and by

I tat same token, Mrs. Lund is still working with her music. The 'Airiter is having a pleasant summer singing tenor in a choir of eighteen persons in St. Andrew's Protestant Episcopal Church, Hanover. Charles F. Gutterson (1876) had a much better voice than his older

brother, and enjoyed the environment to which a musical father, brother an~ sister contributed, but apparently lie bas lacked any strong musical inclination.

Taking the "Weymouth Gazette," as I do, I see occasionally the ,account of a funeral at the Sacred Heart Church in Weymouth. ,~Irs. Hanley is still the efficient organist of that church, and


Helen Caulfield who, some years ago, as a child, studied piano-
- I am somewhat
forte with me, I find to be the soprano soloist
amazed to find her grown up, yet I know.how the years fly.
was in the children's choir when It Was Ill LI~1111116
as organist, and I am confident that she is a
Donovan (see Ahern)
valuable singer, as she has come up along the proper road with the
very best training.

It would seem quite in order here to remember the late Dan Haley, Weymouth born and bred, who came into prominence, I think, as he sang, black-faced, at an entertainment given by hiF church. At one time , it is said, Harry Lauder was paid more pe ininute than even such singers as Melba, Gadski and De Reske It takes ability to be funny on the stage. Haley's fun was alway clean and his work was artistic. I do not see why he shouk come under the head of Weymouth musicians.

1,or the work of Eva Hender, see Mrs. William Baker and th records of the Baptist Church.

Although the details are not clear, I remember well the singing of Ruth and Cynthia Holbrook of South Weymouth. They mus

'have been older than I ' for they sang prorninently before I had the least claim to anything like a musical life. Years later, about 1895, I imagine, Mrs. Ruth Holbrook Pratt, visiting in Weymouth, sang one Sunday for us at the Union Church. She was a good singer anc had a pleasing personality.

For Mrs. Clara White Holgate, see the Whites.

Of the Hunt families in Weymouth, considerable already has been said and much more must be chronicled, for no hi~tory of musical Weymouth could be complete without liberal reference to the various branches of that family.

The larger and by far the most notable branch was the one at Weymouth Landing who were the descendants of Ebenezer (1) whose children were Ebenezer (2), William (2), Elias (2), Susana (2). Ebenezer (2) had children; Elizabeth (3), Susana Bowditch (3) Atherton Nash (3), Emmons (3), Nathaniel (3), Charles (3) an(i Richard (3). Atherton Nash (3) married a Hobart. Their children were Ebenezer Atherton (4), Susan (4) and Elizabeth.(4). William (2) married I Bates and the family were not especially

musical. Elias (2) married Miss Soper of Braintree. Susana (2)

married Caleb Stetson of East Braintree, and their daughter mar.

tied Edward Avery (see the Avery family previously mentioned), Of Ebenezer (2's) children, Susana Bowditch (3) married Whit~'lizabeth (3) married Elias Richards, and is the

comb Porter and E

Miss Hunt to whom reference has been made as having had the finest voice of them all. Her daughter Eleanor married Augustus W. Clapp, and has been referred to as the mother of Emma Clapp, organist, pianist and teacher. Another daughter, Lydia, married William Chipman, and their daughter Luella, now the widow of E'. Frank Mason, is the mother of Frank Stuart Mason whose name will be treated in alphabetical order.

Ano' )joist of note in the Universalist choir.of

has bee Mention also has been Ina ind aru~ now of the
the nineties* t ide of New Engh I
_J,~ P2171v made his home on 51 bough loving
1~11q me that, t
oine living daughter, Louise' "l- -- ant speaking vol-

prosic, she never.w2 . g me that rather graciously belied
%VhIch she used in tollin ~'lathaniel (3)
,,Statement. t's family were not musical. haniel

ied Esther Hayward of Fast Braintree, and their son Nat talist,
f Inarr is been mentioned as an instrumen
(4), recently deceased, h~ 7s willing to take his place in an orchestra
a great music lover, alwa) ing in his nat . ive town, Braintree, or his

in rud,(f any concert, or s
father s home, Weymouth shfield, and their sons

were Charles (4) and Job I a sis ho
Richard (3) married Miss C~ipnran rd Lloyd
A their son, Richa
nt Richards (4), a, rton (4)
married Lydia Hit . ball of Abington. Ebenezer Athe dward
_MTna Kim Helen is Mrs. E
(4) married F aghter I f Quincy;
mar ied first, Maria Hunt; their dal. ne Miss Follett 0

RicIr (5) (Mrs. Fred Harris 5)
I, their children are Mary , w deceased). Atherto'n (S) and Annie
(Mrs. Louis Nash,. no
V, (5) ) C p. Whittle). Nash (3)$ became Mrs.
~Mrs. (Dr- Atherton with
a daughter of been dealt
Susana (4) i
Nathaniel Bl~nchard, and the r children (5) have under the Blanchard name- ge Hunt, but that family was not

1,' (3) and Fred (3). He, Elias (2), was the first paid tenor Trinity

I singe , LrentlY displayeo~


James Turner (4). Edmund Aubrey, recently deceased, expressed the Hunt artistic talent with his brush, and left behind him an international fame as a painter: his canvases are sprni in for.;,. salons, and his pictures of Mediterranean Africa are exceedingly notable. He was married twice, but his children are not in this country. Fred Thayer (4) married Bessie B. French of East Weymouth. He is now deceased, but his wonderful collection of rare books proves him to have been both an artist and a Hunt. Russell (4), my schoolmate and friend, can play anything, - organ, piano, 'cello, what pot? And he Put the crown upon his artistry when he became the husband of Helen Allen, and, as has been mentioned before, her maternal grandmother being a Hunt, joined together two branches of that large and musical family.

James (4) passed out all too soon for us to know what he might have become, but I do not think that we who love music will soon forget that small figure with a violin tenderly held under his chin, almost oblivious of time and space, and those long slender fingers which brought such music from the instrument of his love and devotion.

Rebecca (3), a daughter of Elias, married Charles Thompson and was herself a musician of great note. She has previously been referred to as teaching cotemporaneously with her cousin Susan Blanchard (5), a daughter of Susana Hunt (4), and it has been .1qtid of her that there was almost no score for pianoforte or organ she could not read. As a technician probably no one in 'Weymouth surpassed her in her prime, and she was the notable teacher of Emma Clapp (5), and of Lewis E. Tilden, that musical descendant Of tile David Cushing family. Although she was not a great singer, both she and her husband, who sang bass, with her father (2) for a tenor, and her cousin "Sunie" Richards (4) singing alto, had many home TeLlsicales in which only the best music was given.

Charles (4) married Miss Ella Reed of Weymouth. While their children were all musical (all played and sang), one, Charles (5), became a violinist of note, and besides his regular business carried on a small but excellent orchestra until -he ceased to make Weymouth his borne. John (4) married Rose, the daughter of Sheriff White. John (5) is not specially musical, but Edwin (5) was musical from his boyhood. He has Hunt, Phillips and White ancestry, - all New England stock who value opportunity and make the most of it. Both Edwin (5) and Stuart Mason (6) were students of mine at one time, and, being exceedingly musical, but most dissimilar, their numbers on my musical programs were alwavs moments of great interest, and the query would be, "Which one is the better player? " But with, I think, a just valuation of the situation, I used to say, "They are so unlike, they cannot be compared. They are both 'best."' Edwin (5) married, for a second wife, Addie McQuirin, a famous soprano of Weymouth, and at that time singing in the Union Church of South Weymouth. This is a record of the Hunt family, about whom the remark was made, by the

late Rev. Jonas Perkins, that no matter how small the congregation might be on a particularly rainy Sunday morning, the singing would be all right because the choir was composed almost entirely ot one family, and they Odllg 11KU Lite DIFUS.

It is recorded that during the forty-two years' continuous life of the Union Church choir (18t7 to 1859) there was only one breal, in the Hunt leadership, and that was entirely due to political lobbying. I have heard my father say that (luring the time that Richard Hunt (3) was organist there, my father singing tenor at that time, he had nev~r heard smoother organ playing. But my father was religious, and the smooth organ playing would have appealed to him. Still, that organist was a Hunt.

Later, and notably when Susan Blanchard (5) played there, while her cousin John J. Loud conducted the choir, around her sat her brothers and sisters, her cousins, the children of Atherton Hunt (4), Mrs. Albert Hobart jor~nerly a Miss Rich from Plymouth), John Prince Nash, A. Prescott Nash, Orace Allen, Louis ,Nash, Helen Thayer (the possessor of a fine contralto voice and a cousin of Walter Eaton Thompson, who married Susan Hunt (5) Porter, she, Mrs. Thompson, possessing the double musical inheritance of both Cushings and Hunts), Mr. and Mrs. Charles T. Crane, Mrs. Richard Lloyd Hunt (referred to earlier as Miss Emma Kimball), Mrs. John J. Loud (who was E-mily Vickery and the granddaughter of Jonas Perkins), Armah Hayward, Mr. and Mrs. lVilliam Wight, Mrs. Alden Richards, Miss Alice Norton, Willard Richards and his wife (who was Ella Baker), Mason Bachelder and his wife (who was Hattie Baker), and George H. ("Bert'') Baker (children of George Baker and his wife Caroline Binney). Mrs. Jennie Barker Worster sang with flient on special occasions, as did, I presume, others whom I have for the time forgotten.

I can see that old choir gallery now. Its acoustic properties could not have been worse, and it was left for me (1893-98) to buy and install a set of screens which not only broke the blinding morning light as it fell upon the congregation, but also acted as a sounding board to concentrate and throw out into the audience room with some semblance of unity the voices of my choir. These screens were cheap and homely, and were only meant to be an experiment and ternporary, its various changes in the interior of the church had been under consideration at the time when the fire came.

Of the North Weymouth Hunt family, the record shows that one mernber, A. 1~. Gilbert Hunt, was several times president of the North Weymouth Singing Society. His daughter Mercy, a contralto singer of ability and cultivation, writes me that her father sang all his life, and that lie used to say he would rather sing than eat, because singing rested him. As a young man, lie also was a member of the hand, playing B-flat cornet; but singing seemed to appeal to him more. He sang in both Peace Jubilees, led the choir in the Old North Church for many years, was at one time engaged ljy the Union Church of Weymouth and Braintree to lead its Sunday school


singing, and conducted several singing schools in Weymouth and Hingham. In the early days of temperance reform he sang with the Good Templars, and was one of the old-time "singing-by-note" musicians, as the daughter writes:

"I doubt if he could have been caught by any music that was put before him so far as reading was concerned. Chorus singing was something of a fine art in those days. Another great enjoyment of those singers was serenades. I have heard film tell of groups of fine singers going to homes of friends and giving a serenade. I know it was my father's life to sing, and it sometimes seems to me , " she adds, " that few people nowadays love to sing as those old-timers did. The whole French family, as you know, were great singers in those days. It was mostly in church, I suppose, but they sang difficult music and with great gusto. As I remember hearing about it, there was with them ait great pride in being able to sing by note, in good time and with expression."

Mrs. Pauline Bicknell Osgood and her brother Stephen Bicknell were the children of an older sister of Mr. A. F. G. Hunt; therefore they were Hunts. Mrs. Osgood had a wonderful soprano voice and sang both at Christ Church, Quincy, and in the Codman Church, Dorchester. She also sang at both jubilees, and when over eighty and blind (because both she and her brother succumbed to the family infirmity) she was asked to sing " The Star Spangled Banner " at a Fourth of July gathering. Not only did she sing the song, but she also took the B-flat with a coloratura that many a younger singer might envy. Truly, ''There were giants in those days."

A South Weymouth girt, Jennie Hocking, became a member of the Hunt family when she inarried John Hunt, and she has had a notable career. She tells me that during thirty-four years she has served long terms as organist in each of three churches, among them the Union Church of South Weyir,011th. She has taught pianoforte twenty-eight years, and for the last ten years has given almost her entire time to professional accompanying, both for vocal soloists and for several members of the Boston Symphony Orchestra. As becomes a woman whose mother was a Loud (for that name, in Weymouth, is only a synonym for music), she has conducted choruses and coached light opera. One of her three children possesses a fine baritone voice, another is a good performer on the 'cello, and a third has that rare musical endowment which enables him to play a composition through after having heard it once.

There came from Boston in the early eighties a Mr' Kimberly who had been a bank-note engraver and a portrait artist, and who had sung tenor in Trinity Church, Boston. Music was evidently his hobby, for he drew around him a little group who met weekly for practice in Old English glees. Susie Allen and Mrs. Richard Lloyd Hunt sang soprano, "Sunie " Richards (daughter of Elizabeth Hunt Richards) arid Josie Dowse Avery sang alto, Lewis Pratt sing tenor, and Mr. Kimberly and John J. Loud sang bass. Lewis

Tilden, not more than seventeen or eighteen, played the piano, and probably, under Mr. Kimberly, laid the foundation for his musicianship. I presume there were others who sang with them at times, but T am- sure only of that group. Mr. Kimberly's was a great iniluence musically, and his friends worked seriously as well as happily. The organization was one of the musical landmarks of its time.

Mrs. Frank B. Lewis (who was Elsic Litchfield), according to her Own statement, inherited her musical ability from both her father and her mother. Her father's family was the more musical of the

~t,cwo. Mrs. Lewis studied first with Mrs. George Baker, then with

~i flelen Allen Hunt, and finally with Clarence Hay. She began as a 4church singer in the First Methodist Episcopal Church at East Weymouth, singing also in Bethany Church, Quincy, and in the Union congregational Church of South Weymouth, which society retained her services after its union with the Old South Church. She continned in that position until 1900.

David P. Lincoln of E-ast Weymouth was a violinist of note in

V The last century. His name will be found in the lists of instruinental~ ists earlier in this chapter, and lie was often to be found, also, a Nisiting artist in the group gathered at the Baptist Church and elsewhere in Weymouth Landing.

I aForest Lincoln, not related to David P. Lincoln, was a tenor of note, singing in concerts and in churches throughout the later years of the nineteenth century. His mother was a sister of Otis Nash and aunt to Frank Otis Nash. He also was related to Mrs. Ruth Cushing, a prominent singer in the seventies, about whom I have been able to find little, though I remember having heard tier sing at one of the concerts given in Clapp's Halt under the direction of the late Henry Webb.

All thernembers of the Loud family appear to have been musical. Both South Weymouth choirs had members by that name, and the Landing was widely known as the home of the musical Loud family. John W. Loud, whose first wife was a Torrey of South Weymouth, by that marriage, through his daughter Susan, became the grandfather of Susan Josephine Dowse (Mrs. Albert E, Avery). His second wife was a Blanchard, a sister of Nathaniel Blanchard who niarried Susanna Hunt (3). There were, I think, five children of that second marriage, - Sarah, Alice (the widow of Alexis French of Brookline), a daughter who died young (Josie, I think), John J. and Annie. Sarah was a wonderful woman, efficient arid executive, musical without being a musician. She played and sang in Sunday Khool and in entertainments, but was, perhaps, overshadowed by the greater proficiency of her brother arid youngest sister, I have heard Mrs. French sing alto in the Sunday school quartet, but I do not think that she ever rated herself as a musician,

The late John J. Loud was one of the finest men I ever knew, broad and tolerant in his criticisms, manifesting a keen sense of humor, withal an excellent citizen and a kindly neighbor -would there were more such 1 Ile possessed a perfectly nat ural baritone voice of great


range. I do not think he ever had what is called voice culture though I am sure that he attended many singing schools, and that there was singing in the home, for his father, the late John W. Loud, was a member or' the old Union Church choir. _7Vb-_ Tohn r Loud himself conducted that choir for twenty years, and it usid to be my great pleasure to be invited to sing with them at tile extra services which, from the eighties, on, were an outstanding feature of village life.

What rehearsals we used to have in that old church! There would be those whorn I have mentioned as having sung at the time when Miss Blanchard played, the younger ones, like Helen Allen, Annie Hunt and my sister Angie, sometimes my father, too, with various other members of the Baptist choir, Dana Smith arid Mrs. E'leanor Smith Holmes from the Universalist Church, and Susie Allen and Mr. Chessman from the Episcopal Church. Up near the organ would be Merton Allen with his B-flat cornet, Nat Hunt (4) pjav. ing trombone, and other instrumentalists. There would be pleasatt greetings between us, and then Mr. Loud would hand around music with a special and personal word for each one. Perhaps he would speak a few words in explanation of the music, then he would knock on the casing of the organ for attention, all would rise, the organ would begin, and our rehearsal was under way.

One Thanksgiving Day, I remember, we sing "Jehovah's Praise from "The Modern Harp," a devotional and yet triumphant chol-~s in I time. A rather florid cluet in ' time for two sopranos, occurs in it, which was assigned to Mrs. Worster and the late Miss Emma Clapp. I realize I am middle aged, but it seems to me no one sings now. Those union services were of great benefit to the community, and I wonder could such a thing be possible to-day?

The second Mrs. Loud having died when her children were Sulall, the widower married for the third time a Mrs. Martha Vickery, who has been referred to as a daughter of Rev. Jonas Perkins. She brought with her her daughters Helen and Emily and her son Frank Hermann, who later became a famous Boston physician, now retired. Mr. John J. Loud, marrying, chose Emily Vickery, the (laughter of his new stepmother. Of their eight chi]. dren, two died in infancy.

John Hermann, the oldest son, born in 1873, has already become the leading organist in Boston, if not in New England. "Ill

musical inheritance, and possessed of the desire to work M tao become a master, lie has been a most ardent student at home and abroad. His first teacher was his father's younger sister Annie. Of her more will be found herewith. A thorough musician herself, an organist, pianist, theorist and composer, she poured her musical soul into the education of that boy, so stimulating his love for music that, before he went abroad to study with a French orgam . st, Guilmant, then the organist of Holy Trinity in the French capital, John Hermann Loud, although young, was already a performer of some note. After four years abroad, he returned to take up his

duties in First Church, Springfield, coming back to remain five years in the Harvard Church, Brookline, where he inaugurated a series of organ recitals that he has carried into the hundreds, and is continuing in his present position at Park Street Church. His other musical activities have been many. He married, while in Springfield, Miss Merta Fiske, -also an organist, and their two sons are both musical. One is or was a member of the rmrnanuel Church choir. Mr. Loud is a merriber of the American Guild of Organi~ts, and is considered an authority on the big things of music.

Oliver Loud, the next child, became a dergyman. He has a small, growing family, but I do not know their musical inclinations, Ralph, the third brother, has a good baritone voice, and was my right-hand man in the choir of the Union Chiirch when I was playing there in the nineties. Martha Alice Loud, a teacher in the %~eyniouth public schools, completed a course in musical pedagogy, and, with her contralto voice of sweetness and power, has a perfect right to call herself IL mu$ician, should she choose. Helen, the next daughter, a teacher in Rochester, N. Y., inherited the musical temperament of the family. She has a fine, high soprano voice, which has been well cultivated and employed to good advantage in church and concert. She should make a success in music.

Roger Perkins Loud, youngest, with his great-grandfather's name for a middle name, spent many hours with me over a twomanual pedal organ. I do not think he liked it, because lie was a regular boy, and it kept him in the house,.but he liked me, and both his father and I felt that it was good for him to have that amount of music. I am sure that he still sings in the choir of the Union Church to which so many of his ancestors belonged and in whose pulpit his great-grandfather was a much loved pastor.

Annie F. Loud, the youngest sister of Sarah, Alice and John J. Loud (all children of John W. Loud and his second wife, Miss Blanchard) achieved perhaps a more lasting fame through her published works, because she was a successful composer, particularly of sacred music, The late Prof. J. W. Tufts, teacher of harmony, considered her among his most promising pupils. And well she fulfilled his expectations, when, for years, composition after composition of hers found its way to the music counters. indeed, there was a titne when about two-thirds of the Christmas and Easter carols used in Greater Boston were from the pen of Annie F. Loud. I was told that a sacred song, "There is a City Bright," had been her best setter, and had netted her hundreds of dollars in royalties. Her career as an organist covered, I should say, some twenty-five years. She began to play in Trinity Church, Weymouth, and served also in Old South Church, South Weymouth, the Old Ship, Hingham, and the First Unitarian Church, Wollaston. Miss Loud studied piano and voice, and plays and sings well. My favorites among her compositions are a quartet, beginning:


and a little song so near becoming popular that it has barely es. caped, entitled "My Rose."

Viola Loud, no relation to any other branch of the Loud family in Weymouth, I think, married William ~3rmtli, a son ot L)ana Smith, therefore with Cushing blood in his veins, and together they went out to Chicago, where they brought up their family. Viola, because she loved music, still played and taught. She was very young when she left Weymouth, but already she had played the organ in the Episcopal Church besides proving herself musical to the finger tips, with a special aptitude for the difficult work of an accompanist. She must have been a few years older than 1, because I remember that when I sang in a children's entertainment arranged by my father, Simeon W. Gutterson, she played for me, and I felt her rhythm from my finger tips to my toes. While I did not know what to call it, I did know that "It was easy to sing when Lola Loud played."

I remember a previous experience, not so pleasant, with the vagaries of an accompanist. My father played for me while we were rehearsing for another entertainment. I was to sing in Cos. tume, "Yankee Doodle," and my father made it his custom to play as a prelude a verse through once. Upon the evening of the entertainment, William C. Wright was to be my accompanist. In clue time I came out on the stage dressed in my red, white and blue, while Mr. Wright at the piano performed a symphony such as I had never heard before. I could not decide where to begin, so lie began again with a prelude not in the least like "Yankee Doodle." I emitted a "Yank," and then a second "Yank," and might still have been "Yanking" had not my father interposed to help me. Mortified and crimson with rage, I had impressed Upon me the value of rehearsals, and the fact that even a childish singer has rights.

Another descendant of the Loud family, Miss Annie Cady, was the pleasant'and efficient organist at the Union Church of Weymouth and Braintree for at least a decade of this present century.

Mrs. Benjamin Lovell became a member of the White Church choir (Congregational) when she was a girl fourteen years old, and was the leading soprano there for forty years. She has written me a pleasant letter from which I quote her references to the old choir -

The dear remembered faces which come trooping before me and the fasill tar voicus still sounding in my ears as though it were but yesterday that our Vol . ces mingled . . . in the old anthems of those dear departed days, - anthems the equal of which I believe are never written or sung in these modern days of musical choir singing.

Mrs. Lovell also was a member of the Arion-Cecelias, mentioned at intervals in this chapter, of which we now have opportunity to write fully. The Arion-Cecelias were a group of four gentlemen and four ladies, F. Dexter Pratt, first tenor, Charles H. Newton,

second tenor, Alphaeus Bates, first bass, Elbridge G. Gardner,

second base, M. Anna Lovell, first soprano, Jennie Barker Worster,

w?nd soprano, Mary A. Bates (Mrs. Arthur Lyon), first alto,

r i ... rMrq Robert Raymond), second alto.

Riln nnijua

The Arions were the male quartet of a Masonic lodge, and they thought it Would afford pleasant sociability to organize a ladies' quartet to be associated with them in public appearances. They met each week, taking their husbands and wives with them, and a social hour followed the rehearsal. "And never in this world," writes Mrs. Jennie B. Worster, "was there a merrier party nor a

happier one. ork.
to different tunes for special occasions arising in their concert w
The "A-C's," as they called themselves, became quite an institu
tion in Weymouth, and as I think of them now they were very
remarkable. Each one was a musician, which, to me, means that
sing a part independently, but also to
each was able, not only to n of a harmony possible only to artists.
give and take in the creatio ize of Weymouth,
I doubt very much if, in any other town the s

musicians could have been found who could have done the versatile musical work that was done there during the fifty years of which I write (1865-1915). Not only did Weymouth produce a supply of musicians for herself ' but, as I think I have proved, she had plenty to spare to the less musical neighborhoods, and even to the city of Boston itself.

Addie McCarthy (Mrs. Frank Whitton) had both Trainor and Phillips ancestry. Mrs. Whitton early developed a pleasing so-

n e, spent the first years of her singing life in Weymouth,
a , 0 ly has gone to
aprd fili0a'17 like so many ambitious young singers,
Boston for a larger field and greater earnings.

There was, in the nineties, a Murphy family of great musical ability. Their mother was Kate Burrell, and the Burrells were all musical. Maggie Murphy, who married early and also died early,

p could sing like a bird from the time she was a woe child; even then she would stand oil a chair and sing song after song. Arthur, the oldest son, had a voice that, with training, might have placed him

a devoted member of the in the front rank anywhere. He was

Baptist Church, and gave unstintingly to that society, but Ile
lacked the confidence which might have made Iiiin successful in
a wider field. Certain songs lie sang I sliall not soon forget. Ile
chose only the best, and his devotional rendition of them did a
growth of the Baptist Church.
great deal for the spiritual

Eugene, the younger brother, also did a great deal with his tenor voice, singing in amateur opera, concert, male quartets, and in quartet choirs in Bethany Church, Quincy, and elsewhere. He married Gertie Hough, and their four children are all musical. Arthur, their oldest son, seems to have inherited the mantle of his uncle Arthur, lately deceased. Like others of their day and generation both the Murphy brothers and Mrs. Eugene Murphy sang whenever they were asked, always willingly, and very seldom,

I am sure, for money, Did I not believe in the great law of earn. pensation, I might be tempted at times to smile bitterly.

The Nashes all were musical. A. Prescott Nash of the Landing had a natural tenor voice with a quality which seems to be almost obsolete in these days when so many of our tenors are high baritones. Mention has been made of the fact that he sang in the Union choir when Susan Blanchard ((4) of the Hiunt family) played. All of his three sons, I think, were at different times members of that choir.

In North Weymouth, now Weymouth Heights, Otis Nash (Airs. Nash was a French) had a son William, now 6r late a judge in a western town, - Denver, I believe ' -who possessed a -rather remarkable bass voice. Another son Frank Otis Nash was an organist of note and reputation. He ~as one of the earl~ Boston pioneers, besides his work upon the organ, being director of tile choruses at the Tremont Theater for a great many years.

Charlie Nash of Weymouth had a good tenor voice, while his father sang bass. Together with Mr, E. W. Arnold and his son, R_ Walter Arnold, they formed a male quartet and sang at the Old North functions. They were laughingly alluded to sometimes as "Arnold and the old man, Nash and the old man." Charlie Nash, the son, married Etta Clapp of North Weymouth, whom I remember as having been a good singer in her high school days.

"Charlie" Newton, as he was always pleasantly called ' of the well-known Newton family of North Weymouth, had a voice which, -is I rn

re ember it, was of a high baritone quality, although I am sure lie sang tenor in the musical combination known as the "ArionCecelias," of which full mention has recently been made. I remember singing bass to his tenor when Lillian Dow graduated from the high school. The exercises were held in the Old Union Church. Lillian gave, for her special number ' Longfellow's poem, "King Robert of Sicily," while, to music specially written by Mr. Dow, who played the organ, Mrs. Worster, Miss "Sunie" Richards ' Mr. Newton and I sang the Latin chant which figures in that poem. Mr. Newton's (laughter ' Belle, was a good singer and he married for his second wife Georgia Shaw, also a good siri~ger of my school d ays.

Of Nellie Nolan (Mrs. John Carroll) much already has been said as she was a member of the famous South Weymouth Ladie,~ Quartette. Mrs. Carroll's voice was a contralto of great richness and depth, making her an ideal second alto, and yet with range enough to enable her to sing all the contralto solos of the dav. Since her widowhood she has found plenty to occupy her in tile musical life of her church, and I frequently read of her as assis Ong with the music of -,I requiem mass in one of the various churches I'll the town of Weymouth '

For Pauline Bicknell Osgood see the family of A. F, G. Hunt.

Of Maj. Elliot C. Pierce and his sister Hannah Frances Pierce it can truthfully be said that they were both singers of fine I - voice

and ability. Miss Pierce was born in Weymouth in November,
1827, and died there in 1863. She attended the district school on
r-t qt Pet and then taught a little private school in her father's

Street house; later she taught ~chool in East Braintree, which school my mother attended. During her scho(,!-teaching years she was studying both vocal and instrumental music with a Mr. Bruce of Boston. Finishing certain courses with him, she began to teach both vocal and instrumental music, and had classes in Quincy, Weymouth and Brookline. From 1855 to 1860 she sang alto in a quartet at the Bowdoin Street Church in Boston. About 1861 she became organist of the Congregational Church in Weymouth and Braintree, and held that position until her death. If er musical activities may be further seen in the series of programs which her niece, Mrs. Kate Pierce Thayer, has kindly ]called me. There is a viost interesting excerpt from the Braintree Town Report of 1854, which reads as follows: "Primary sdhool, ten months; teacher, Miss Hannah F. Pierce. Whole number of scholars 33, average attendance 22." The report continues, "This department, made up of children under ten years of age, has been in the care of the same teacher for a number of successive terms, and her skill has been evident both in 'teaching the young idea how to shoot' and in training her pupils to habits of order and mental appreciation. Each pupil has well learned to know and keep his place, and not a whisper nor an improper position nor an unlucky smile nor an unpleasant frown was observed in any one of them during the closing examination."

And yet all that must have been done pleasantly, for my mother (1844-1907), who was one of those little scholars, loved her dearly and spoke frequently of her wonderful singing and of her lovely way with her children. One program that I hold in my hand bears the date 1858, and states that the entertainment was held in the Universalist Church. Another program of 1861 does not give the place. One tells of a pupil'~i recital and one of a concert with outof-town talent, 0. B. Brown playing the piano and Henry C. Barnabee singing.

Elliot C. Pierce (see Mary Flinn Baker, Episcopal Church, Universalist Church, and ot , her references) besides singing, as has been noted, played clarinet at one time ill Pat Gilinore's hand at Salem. The men and women of that day not oillydid one thingwell, but they also did a number of things, not only wett, but very wclh

A program for a concert given in 1869 by the Weymouth Choral Society is interesting because it links on one printed page the names of several persons about whom we have written. Mrs. Elizabeth Nzer Tirrell sang "The Marvelous Work," front "Th~ Creation;" North W. Torrey, South Weymouth's wonderful violinist, played; f. B. Bates (I cannot locate him) sang; Miss Loud sang Rossini's "Inflammatus;" Mrs. O~good, Miss Bartlett, and Mrs. l,incoln sang "Lift Thine Eyes" front "Elijah;" while Mr. Henry k~'ebb, that wonderful conductor who could sing everybody'~ part,


sang "Why do the Nations?" and conducted the chorus in numbers from Hindel, Haydn, Mendelssohn and Mozart. And that was what Weymouth was doing fifty years ago!

All of the many branches of the Pratt family appear to have been musical. Abbie Pratt Dennison, a daughter of the late Frank Pratt of East Weymouth and a great-granddaughter of old Capt. Norton Pratt, has been dealt with under her married name, Denni Soil. In the chronicles of both the North Weymouth and the East Weymouth singing societies, the name Pratt figured prominently

The late Eben P. Pratt of East Weymouth has assisted mi~ materially with much valuable data in his letters, and mentions a quartet of the sixties composed of Amos Tirrell, first tenor, Mr. Pratt, himself, second tenor, J. Frank Porter, first bass, and John S. Porter, second bass, the latter two being, respectively, soil and father.

F. Dexter Pratt was the 'first tenor of the Arion-Cecelias, and to be a member of that organization put the hall mark of musician. ship upon one.

Miss Mary A. Dyer, a daughter of a singer of some note, Stephen W. Dyer, who led the Methodist choir for a good many years , married A. Francis Pratt, and their son, the late Stephen F. Pratt was a singer of note and had won a considerable reputation by hi; fine voice and his affable manners, even before his early death.

Like many other old towns, Weymouth was the home of many families who intermarried, and sometimes very little relationship exists between persons of the same name. With the exception of the Hunt family, I have made no attempt at compiling a genealogy, and my generations are undoubtedly considerably mixed. It has been my endeavor to bring before the reader pleasant visions of the singers and players he has known and has, perhaps, forgotten, but is nevertheless glad to recall. It has been pleasant to see how much couM truthfully be said in praise of each, and to notice how little was justified in the way of unkind criticism.

But to return to the Pratts. I know of Dr. Porter Pratt as a skilful musician and an accomplished organist. I am not familiar with his work, although I am sure of his reputation as a musician.

The late Will Pratt of East Weymouth, Eon of a musical father was for years the chorister in the Methodist Church, and as a musician he certainly did not belie the traditions of his family, Mr. Pratt married for his second wife Abbie Rogers, a well-known organist and musician who played at the Union Church in South Weymouth, and, I think, at the Old Ship in Hingham. She was ' I believe, organist at the Methodist Church at the time of her death, and I am sure that Will Pratt was, at that time, conducting the music there.

There must be a Weymouth Corner in heaven, and, to note Mr. Eben Pratt in a recent letter: "I am looking forward tqc t e time, not far distant, when with restored voice, sight and bearing, I shall join in the song of Moses and the Lamb."

There must be a Weymouth Corner in heaven, for quoting Mrs. Lois Holbrook Vining, "There is no singing to-day such as there was when I was a girl. They don't seem to care. We did." And there must be a place where those who have gone on are waiting for some of us w~th the same musical ireals and the same desire both to hear and to participate in music sung with the spirit and with the understanding.

Quincy Reed had three daughters, Lucy Anne, Maria and Harriet who married William Shaw. All sang in choirs about 1830, but Lucy Anne, who became a truly great singer, was the only notable musician in the family.

Clementine Torrey, who was a famous South Weymouth singer, Inarried Dr. Jewell, and now resides in the West.

Lois Vining was the daughter of Allen Vining and his wife, June Bates. The Vinings were musical. Lois had a sister, Frances, who became Mrs. James Stoddard of Cohasset and who sang a little. Lois was intensely musical from her childhood days, when she used to creep away with a singing book into a room by herself and be happy for hours at a time. On Sundays she went, through the noon hour between church services, to her Uncle Ben Vining's to sing. Three brothers became famous musicians.

Noah, brother of Allen and Ben Vining, had a son Frank, who married Fannie Burrell (see previous account of her services as organist in the Wesleyan Church). She died at the birth of her, son, John Burrell Vining. Frank Vining then married Erneline Guerney, and Sam and Robert, sons of this marriage, have not been musical. John Vining, 'who sings, married Gertrude Packard of South Weymouth.

Lois Vining married George Holbrook, son of Deacon Holbrook, Their children were Emma, Allen, Mary, Jane, Anna and George. Mary, who died about her twentieth year, was the only musical child. Lois sang in all the concerts of her time, and has preserved a program which has upon it her name when, as a child, she sang in a concert at Stoughton, seventy years ago.'

Sam Vining married May Reed, and their son Robert married Maude Townsend who became a well-known singer in this last generation in South Weymouth.

On Commercial Street, ir; East Weymouth, in 1829, was born. John S. Porter, the father of a musical family who attained great prominence during the years they resided in Weymouth, and who became even more noted when they removed to Chattanooga, and, like the Hunts in Weymouth Landing, became the whole choir in one church after another.

John S. Porter, the father, a member of the Masonic choir and of the Congregational Church in East Weymouth, was one of the old bass singers of the town. With his son Frank, Amos Tirrell and Eben Pratt, in a male quartet, he sang throughout the state until his daughters grew old enough to become members of a mixed quartet. Lizzie Porter, now Mrs. Carl Gurley of Knoxville, was


the soprano. Her sister Lillie, who married Tom L. Anderson was the contralto and became accompanist when her sister Edith' now Mrs. W. L. Rolfe. became old enough to sing in her place' Their brother Will was the tenor, and theirf ather John S. the bass. This group sang at the great state temperance revivals, particu. larly at one such mass-meeting held in the old Tremont Temple when Robert Raymond of East Weymouth was accompanist,

The family left behind them, in Weymouth, one brother tl~e famous Frank Porter. He married Lizzie Pratt, a niece of EKin Clapp, herself a pianist of note. Be sang in the male quartet, and later ill the Porter mixed quartet, was a member, with Jules Jordan and our own Fannie Sprague Foster, of a quartet choir in Provi. dence, and sang for some years at the Old Ship in Hingham. fie was ,it one time a member of the Boston Ideals, creating in America the r6le of the captain in the Gilbert and Sullivan opera, " H. M. S. Pinafore." In Providence he had a studio in the Happing-Home. stead Building on Westminster Street and taught singing. He died in 1884.

Recording the death of John S. Porter in the South in 1906 ' tile "Chattanooga News" commented upon, "The gracious and constant work done by the family which did much musically for Chattanooga. All were perfect musicians," the newspaper account continues, "and their church work at Centenary and others of tile churches is frequently referred to now as something very much above the average of church music. It is rare, indeed, that father, son and three daughters are all so musically gifted as these who are .~o favorably remembered."

Of that branch of the Porter family descended from both David CLIShing and Ebenezer Hunt, one member, Dr. Charles 1. Porter, born in Weymouth, but now living in Canton, and his sister, Susan Hunt Porter, now Mrs. Walter Eaton Thompson of Fast Braintree, already have been mentioned. While neither of these two has followed music professionally, it is equally true that neither could have escaped being musical. Mrs. Thompson, at least, has sung professionally, being for some time soprano soloist in the Old North Church at Weymouth Heights. There are children in the families of both brother and sister, but I do not think they are particularly musical. Let us hope, however, that musically, these two famous families do not come to an end.

Dr. Porter and Mrs. Thompson were two of those five of the children of George E. Porter who lived to become of age. George E. Porter's wife was a Cushing and his mother was a Hunt (3), the wife of Whitcomb Porter. The other three children of Mr. George E. Porter were not notably musical, but his sister Helen, an aunt of Dr. Porter and Mrs. Thompson, was a notable pianist.

Another Miss Susan Porter, a daughter of Thomas Porter who lived in the house after-ward occupied by Dr. W. F. Hathaway, before her early death achieved a considerable musical reputation. She was organist at the Episcopal Church during the period of its

wonde rful choir, to which reference frequently has been made in
this chapter.

. , . . _ T~-- ~:-11 I)-, -h~ 1'~'ntl to sing Henry Pray and his wire, 13CU,y

very ~arly, sustaining her alto part in the Baptist Church choir at fourteen years of age. The daughter, therefore ' grew up in a musi Cal horne. I think her first teacher was Mr. Tilden; later, she studied with Elmer E. Hosmer and other Boston teachers. She played for some years at the Baptist Church in 'Weymouth and was busy with pupils in her home.

The Raymond family in East Weymouth are descended from
Amos Raymond (1779-184.5). His son, Enos D., had a daughter
josephine, who married a Denbroeder. She became a singer of
note as did also her daughter, Jennie Denbroeder. Another son
of A,~os, Alvah (17 , 99-1882), was a famous singer as well as a fine
performer on the bassoon. He was the father of William W. (1823
1916), who played both the oboe and the flute; of Alvah, a singer;
of Robert B. (1821-1879), a singer and cornetist; of Henry B., a
singer; and of Augusta, who became Mrs. Rice, and was herself a
finesinger. Robert B. was the father of Robert F. (1844-1904) and of
Vtliur M. (18S6-1909), who were musicians of attainment. Robert
.~. lZaymond, himself ' was a leader of the Old Weymouth Band,
and sanvil the Old Congregational Church in East Weymouth.
\%lilliain .(1823-t916), a son of the first Alvah, had a.1so played
many band instruments, and was -very clever at arranging instru
rutntal music, Robert ~. was a teacher of piano and organ, at one
nine a teacher Of Music in the Weymouth schools, was organist in
&ist Weymouth, at the Allies Church in North Easton and in
,\'orwich, Conn. was a leader of the Weymouth Band, and a coin
p(ser of much useful and timely music in tile severities and eighties.
prodigy, small of stature, with almost tiny liands.
Arthur M. was a d I think
-w over the keys of an organ or a piano, an
Ilis fingers tie ,

be never met a musical defeat. He played the organ in the Old ,;hip in the Union Church in South Weymouth, and, until his death,

was organist at the Mount V . . ill this way: He was to Play
that lie obtained this latter , position

the organ in tile old Mechanic's Building oil Huntington Avenue With George Stewart's orchestra. When orchestra and organist met for rehearsal it was found that the manual instrument was hopelessly lower than the, orchestral instruments. "That's all

4~ right Mr. Raymond is said to have replied, "I'll transpose my part, which he did. Mr. Stewart told of this remarkable achievenient to his sister, Rose, who was then soprano at the Mount Vernon Church, where an organist was needed. She was quick to

wherever she met it, and through her Mr. recognize musicianship

St. Louis Exposition.

John A. Raymond, a brother of Robert F and Arthur M., played the flute. Two sisters, Ella M. and Susie E., were trained singers, Ella M. (now Mrs. Bates) and Harold W., children of Arthur M

are singers now in East Weymouth, and their sister, Ethel P. (1887- ), teaches, plays and conducts. She is now and has been for some years organist of the Congregational Church in East Weymouth, arranging musical programs which include notable visiting artists in the church of her father and her grandfathers

Jane Ellen Reed, a sister of the late Josiah Reed of South Wey. mouth, was a singer of great note before and after her marriage to Asa French. I remember seeing her once when she was an elderly woman, but I can easily believe the stories of her dramatic rendition of the anthems of her day' Mrs. Lois Holbrook of South Wey. mouth said to me, "Oh, bow Ellen Reed could sing! I remerriber one anthem, 'Guide Me 0 Thou Great Jehovah!' She sang the words, 'Guide me,' three times' each time higher than the last. Oil, 'twas sermon and prayer too, " said Mrs. Holbrook. "Some. how, it doesn't seem to me that they write such anthems now, nor do people sing as they used to." And 1, who remember that an. them in my childhood, recalling soprano after soprano as each sang it, nodded my also fast-whitening head in perfect agreement with the elderly lady's statement.

Another famous South Weymouth woman of that generation, Emily Jane Loud (lack of data prevented this item appearing earlier in alphabetical order under tile name Loud), the daughter Of 110ratiO Loud, became a very famous singer, and traveled with Father Kemp's company in the days when for a country girl to attairi prominence of that kind was a most unusual thing ' She had a sister I.oretta, who also sang but not as notably. Fmilv Married Bradford Reed and became the mother of Mrs. Follett, a fzivorite singer who lost her life in the Messina earthquake.

Mrs. Nellie Hart Rioden, a daughter of the late Dominick Hart , was a pupil of the late Lewis E. Tilden and others. Inh eriting tile Musical ability of the Hart family, she speedily made a place for herself in tile musical life of the town, coming back to reach even when, after her marriage, she had established her new home ill Quincy.

Brief mention was made of Russell Sanborn, the grandson of one of the three Fuller sisters from Maine who each had a notable musical daughter. His father was Walter Sanborn and his mother, Etta Thayer. Nellie Sanborn, the late Mrs. ),red Sulis' an atnit was a power in the music of her home church, the First Bapiis; Church, Weymouth. Russell not only, had musical ability, but lie seemed also to be able to work, and few have (lone more faithful pnictice than he upon both organ and piano. He built all(] set upa pipe organ of his own making in Huntington Chambers. and using, that instrument as a model, has built and sold many such organs. Meanwhile lie found time for church work, some teaching and for years has played for tile afternoon and evening movies in ilremont

Temple. He also had the great honor of playing the organ at the t Buffalo Exposit on in 1900.
The effect of a musical environment finds, in Mr. Sanborn, an
7excelle-texarnple. Grandmother Sanborn had a pleasant, motherly

voice, which she used softly in prayer meetings. Grandiather Satl~ born sang tenor in the Baptist choir and could handle a violin very pleasingly, and, although neither mother nor father were musical, ~unt Nellie loved her piano as she loved her life, played in church while her nephew was growing up, and sang alto when she did not play.

If we could cut out the jazz, burn the Pianolas and Victrolas, and silence the Arnpic(s, open a singing school in every village, and compel people to go - then, once again, we might be able to have a church choir who could sing, not only with the " spirit," but with the " understanding."

Nellie Sanborn became the wife of Fred Sulis who survives her. For several years he was chorister at the Baptist Church, where both his wife and his (laughter Helen, now T*vlrs. Arthur Bryant, were organist. Mr. Sulis was of English ancestry, coming to Massachusetts direct from the Provinces. Since his wife's death lie has gone back to the church of his fathers, and is singing tenor very acceptably in the little Episcopal Church where Miss Nellie Chase has been organist for some years. Miss Chase is in her first organ position, and I am wondering if she will also find that little softtoned organ a mascot, and some (lay move oil to greater things.

Reference has been made to the late Chester Shaw and his wonderful voice. I have heard only one like it. Once, when I attended the morning service in St. Paul's Cathedral, London, the wonderful quartet which is the nucleus of that choir of men and boys rose to sing, unaccompanied, and what was my surprise and pleasure to hear "God Is a Spirit," from Bennett's "Woman of Samaria," the last thing my own quartet back in North Easton, Mass., U. S. A., had sung the Sunday before I went away. The first tenor seemed to have no limit to his range and no displeasing variety in the quality of his voice, and it seemed to me that I was listening to our townsman, Mr. Shaw. A son of Mr. Shaw, George Lyman, was ,in expert performer on the banjo and mandolin. He married Lena %%7hite (of that family, more later), who, as a school girl, had .1 good alto voice, and their s6ri Leon is a real professional, a member of an orchestra. It always gives me pleasure to see and to listen to such a scion of my old home town.

Mrs. Alta Faunce Smith, now a resident of South Weymouth and born in Abington, claims Benneft slid Bicknell ancestry, and remenibers that her grandfather used to come to Weymouth for tile (Bicknell) family reunion. Mrs. Smith is an accomplished organist and pianist, all([ is busy in the town of her adoption, arranging musicales and other programs for clubs and societies. She is organ ist and choirmaster at the Unitarian Church in Wollaston, a town which was her home for many years.


For the Sprague family, see references in the list of the
Congregational Society of South Weymouth. For Fannie Sp Unto
see Mrs. Foster. raguel."
f the late Mrs. Fred Sulis 1 have made mention again and again.'
Like myself and others of our type and generation, I doubt if she'
again like myself, could remember when she was too young to read
music, Notes high on the staff meant singing a higher pitch than~'
when one sang notes low oil the staff and the tune was easy to get~
The generation of her father and mine however, were more firmly
grounded in the absolute difference oi pitch between do, mi and

Julia Sylvester Hollis (Mrs. Charles Hollis) has been a valued member of the Baptist choir in the Landing since she came to the vi flage. She has a soprano voice, clear and strong, and she writes me that her musical ability came from her mother's family. A cousin of hers, the late Mrs. Orr, was a soprano singer of note in East Weymouth a few decades ago.

Gertrude Taylor, now the widow of the late Russell B. Warster, came from South Weymouth as a bride, and her pleagant manner and fine contralto voice soon made her a great favorite. She sang in several churches, among them Bethany Church, Quincy, and so much in demand are our native singers, that she is agai u singing in church. She came from a musical family into a musical family, the Worsters, of whom more later,

In East Weymouth, on Middle Street lived Mr. Frank Thayer
his wife and daughter ' Jennie. Jennie ~as a pretty girl and s~ng
more than well. She had a pleasing soprano voice, strong, but
sweet. I have referred earlier to a trio in which she, my sister (Mrs.
Charles Benson Lund) and Helen Allen Hunt sang. Miss Thayer,
marrying into a musical family, became Mrs. Edward A. Haskell
of Braintree. Miss Haskell, a sister of Miss Thayer's husband,
was a noted soprano singer.

Two other girls ' sisters by the name of Thayer, have helped at home and abroad to maintain the fame of the town. Rose ' now Mrs. Rose Thayer Thomas, by reason of a good voice, a fine presence and ample training has become a notable singer. Like Mrs. l,annie Sprague loster and Miss Annie Dean, both of South Wey. mouth, Mrs. Thomas sang for some time in Providence, that citv Which appreciates good singers and good singing. Her later work has been done in greater Boston. A sister, Miss Persis Thayer, r1ow Mrs. Henry A, Harding of Wollaston, inherited the Same musical ability, but has not followed closely in the professional steps of her sister.

Mrs. Thomas writes me that both her father and mother were musical, the father having been a director of music in church and also the head of a musical society. These sisters are a living proof of the power of musical inheritance and environment.

Probably the most noted Cushing descendant of my generation was the Lewis E. Tilden, the soft of Francis Tilden and his wife,

"Irho was a Miss Cushing and a sister of the mother of Dr. Porter slid Mrs. Thompson. Mention has been made of him as the acompanist for the Kimberley Singing Society, which society did a '.4 1 f

veat -ea- -or the musical culture of its members and the village in '~which it was held. Noyourig player is able to appreciate the value

united with an ability to work, for he was a worker. His first teacher, I am sure, was Mrs. Thompson ((3) of the Flunt (amity), and later he studied organ with W. J. D. Leavitt, and, I think, with B. J. Lange.

I His first organ position was in little Trinity, Weymouth, where to many of us began and where so few who played there failed to 'make good, For years he played at the Universalist Church in the morning and at the First Baptist Church in the evening. He went ito the South Baptist Church, Broadway and F Street, South Boston, when I left that church to go to St. Barriabas', in Falmouth.

4t 1,ater he went to the aristocratic old First Parish in Milton, where I think he was playing at the time of his death in 1904. He was a brilliant pianist, a finished organist. and a delightful accompanist; the notes seemed fairly to sing under his long, slender fingers. His early death cut short a career of which Weymouth already had great reason to be proud.

Mrs. Fredericka Hunt (4) Ricketts received her early training in music under Mr. Tilden. Among his pupils was also a bright little player and teacher, Miss "Posey" Bergeron, who, with tier brother Paul, belonged to the musical life of that day. Mr. Herbert Hayden of Quincy also studied tinder Mr. Tilden, later playing in the Universalist and Baptist Churches of Weymouth.

Of the Torreys of South Weymouth, see various mentions. Noah, a famous violinist, who would no doubt be remarkable even in this day of virtuosos, was a member of that family, as were Clementire, who became Mrs. (Dr.) Jewell, and resides in the West, Elizabeth, Charles and Josie, all singers.

Anne Tyrell, now Mrs. Burroughs of Minneapolis, a Weymouth girl, charmed us first with her readings and impersonations. Next we applauded her in light opera, and then, 1, at least, lost sight of tier, but in response to appeals through the "Gazette" and "Trallscript" she writes me from tier western home that after "nineteen years of domesticity " it is good to be remembered by some one in tier old home for the professional work she once did fliere. Slie denies doing any work more professional than coaching at ttie present time, but I am sure that the people of that city are sometinies privileged to see and hear the versatile Anne Tyrell, once of Weymouth.

Under the heading, "Fifty Years Ago," in the "Weyrnouth (;azette" and "Transcript" is a notice of the organization Dec. Q. t873, of the Union Musical Society of Weymouth and Braintree, of which Charles Henry Webb was the director. Mr. Webb


was a relative of the Weymouth Humphreys. He could play a little on the piano and also on the violin, was an excellent conductor and coach, and besides all that, could sing everybody's part, that is, he could reach the pitchl in time and Wo., but the vocal quali-, sometimes left something to be desired,

I think Mrs. Thompson was the first pianist at the meetings of the society in Clapp's Hall, but very early Mr. Tilden began to play, quite naturally succeeding his teacher, and I think quite possibly it was his first important professional work. Mr. Francis 1,. Tilden, his father, was the author of many interesting articles concerning this society and other musical affairs of the town. it was my hope to have been able to refer to some of Mr. Tilden's scrapbooks, but it seems that they have unfortunately been destroyed. I must therefore proceed, depending upon my own memory which, I hope, is fairly accurate, because as far back as I can remember, the musicat affairs of Weymouth were always of great interest and importance to me.

In the issue of the "Weymouth Gazette" and "Transcript" for Dec. 21, 1923, mention is made of a surprise party in honor of Mrs. George C. Torrey, given by the choir of the Old South Church, Dec. 22, 1893. There is also an account of a musicale given by Col. and Mrs. B. S. Lovell, and a statement of the organization of the Union Musical Society at the Union Church of Weymouth and Braintree, with more than one hundred gentlemen as patrons. This society was to rehearse the Forty-second Psalm. I remember well the society which met in Clapp's Hall, but this particular group I do not seem to recall.

Annie Estelle Powers, now Mrs. Will Hollis, has both Burrell and Cushing ancestry. She married a man whose early ancestors were musicians, his great-grandfather having been a member of the Himclel and Haydn Society. Mrs. Hollis has a lyric soprano voice and the charming personality that should but does not always accompany that endowment. She early made her Boston d6but, singing at the White Church, Dorchester (Dr. Little's Church, so called), at the old First Parish Church in Codman Square, and in a Jewish synagogue, I am not certain which one. She also has done a great deal of concert work. Mrs. Hollis has one small son from whom I expect great things musically.

Fannie Wilde Preston, as Miss Wilde, made a name for herself in the music of her native town, Weymouth. She was a relative of the Arnolds (Mrs. E, W. Arnold was a Wilde), and sang frequently both for Sunday services and in concerts at the Baptist Church at Weymouth, whose religious and secular gatherings at that time afforded about my only opportunity to hear good music. Her voice was a mezzo-soprano, and she used it dramatically, with an authority that pleased and carried conviction. I recall her interpretation of a sacred solo: "Search me, 0 Lord, and try my heart," which caused one listening to feel that she was lifting up her soul to her Maker. Later in her life, the deeper quality of Mrs. Preston's

N-oice developed, and she sang alto, becoming a member of the famous quartet of the Church of the Unity, Boston (Minot J. Savage, minister) in which church Howard M. Dow was then organist. An uncle of Mrs. Preston's was James Wilde of Weymouth Heights. His wife had been a pupil of Madame Rudersdorff, and their daughter, who must of necessity be musical, is now a valued member of the choir in that historic North Church, at the Heights.

Jennie Bar er hitcomb, now the widow of the late John J. NVorster, the oldest daughter of the famous Whitcomb family, although born in Hingham, has made her home in Weymouth since she was sixteen years old. We are both proud and glad to claini her as our townswoman. Most of the members of the Whitcomb family were musical. Both father and mother sang until the many duties devolving upon the mother of a family of children forced %,Its. Whitcomb to give up her active interest in music. The father sang bass, the brother, Arthur, tenor; Jennie sang soprano, arid Anna, a younger sister, sang alto. When Jennie was fourteen years old, and Anna even younger, they sang with their father and a tenor as a quartet in the New North Church in Hingham. After Jennie married Mr. Worster, she gave up her regular church position, but she was always graciously ready to sing at the extra services during Christmas, Easter, and other church festivals in the Union Church of Weymouth while John J. Loud was chorister.

To quote Mrs. Worster: "My father would rather sing than eat, and I could always play, so there was hardly ever an evening at home but what there was music. My mother used to sing earlier in life, but after we (the children) came, mother did not do much in music. My father always told me that I waked him every morning, when I was only three years old, by my singing, and I have been at it ever since. I could always read music. It seemed a gift."

Thus. to the story of the Allens, of the Hunts, of the Blanchards and of the Porters is added one more confirmation of my conviction that musical ability is one of the most striking of dominant hereditary traits, descending from generation to generation in many families, and that music in the home, a musical environment from even the earliest days of infancy, is more powerful to produce musicians than the best of prolonged formal training.

Both Mrs. Worster and her sister, Anna Whitcomb, were members of the Ladies' Schubert Quartet, an organization hailing from Boston. Different person~ belonged, from time to time, to this group, so that its personnel was not identical in all of its many concerts. Jessie Olivier, and later Maude Nichols, sang first soprano, Mrs. Worster was the second soprano, a Miss Kaula, arid afterward Miss Janette Fananz, sang first alto, and Anna Whitcomb was always the second alto. These women were a truly wonderful combination. Miss Whitcomb's voice being so deep they could avoid the unpleasant shrillness that sometimes creeps into the higher voices, as they sang music pitched much lower than that usually written for women's quartets,


Like many others whose names have gone before in this c
Mrs. Worster gave liberally of herself in the wor ha ter

k of church an~ community, often without thought of remuneration~ She taught vocal music, arranged many of tf Pieces If

quartet, and wrote numerous original stanzas of verse to accom.
pany the rearranged musie.

Mr. and Mrs. Worster had one son, Russell. Although he was not, himself, a musician, he became the husband of Gertrude Taylor, whose musical life has been dealtrwith previously. They have two children whose attitude toward music cannot but prove interesting to those who have followed the argument of this chapter,

For Ida Young, see Mrs. Will Burrell. A sister, Nellie, did not sing, but played accompaniments for the earlier singing of Mrs. B U rrel 1.

Some sixty years ago, in the wonderful old Bates-Cowing house Was born to Mr. Willey and his wife, who was Maria (Cowingi Willey, a son whom they named Theodore. The boy grew up in the midst of elderly people, - his aunts, uncles and a cousin, the late Francis Cowing, - and, if I remember rightly, his education was largely by governesses and tutors, for lie was a child of the old age of his parents, as well as the only child in that middle-aged family, Then he began to go to Boston every day, and it was whispered that he had a voice; and he had, - a big, resonant baritone,

While he did not mingle much in the small social affairs of the then smaller village, Weymouth Landing, in a half shy way lie would yield to the coaxing of people Who asked him to sing for the village functions, and he could sing. I think the first time I heard "Love's Old Sweet Song" it was sung by Theodore Willey, and his sotto voce was so perfectly under control that the last two notes of the refrain he finished an octave above the usual ending for the baritone voice. It was an unusual, and, in this case, an electri. fying climax. He would sing, also, with us at some of the special union services to which I have referred, and his full voice was quite as agreeable as his softo voce. He died in his early forties, but had there been a press of economic necessity or a ~,iser parental gui. dance, he would surely have become a great singer. Even as it was, lie is not forgotten.

I think I have mentioned the Whiting girls, Carrie and Mary,
whose mother was a sister of Chapin Thayer (I think), as beipg
valued members of the Baptist choir under Mr. Arnold's leadership.
Mary, now Mrs. Fred Lord of Quincy, had the better voice because
it had been better cultivated. She was one of the group including
Miss Edith Estabrook, Mrs. Susie Porter Thompson, in s, . ster

Mrs. Charles B. Lund, Miss Annie F. Loud, and some others wh~ studied with Mrs. Lucie J. Child, who came, as a friend of Mr. E. W. Arnold, one clay a week for sever-if years to teach vocal music in Weymouth. Both Whiting sisters were good readers good rehearsers, and I am sure that they both recall with pleasure,'

as do all of us now living, the pleasant clays at church and the

G, always harmonious rehearsals in Mrs. Baker's parlor. There have passed on Mr. E. W. Arnold, his son Walter, Mr. Samuel Graves, and the organist, Mr. Tilden. Mrs. Baker, Miss Graves, the two Whitings, my sister, Mr. Frank '"raves and I have gone. our se"era! Ways (Mr. Graves, I think, is now in California), and there is but one place of meeting that we can look forward to where, I hope, we all may assemble to sing the new song.

There were three brothers White who came to Weymouth. One had a son, William, or "Wil:o," as he was familiarly called, who had a voice like an organ pipe. Forty years ago he began in light opera and now is a member of a Grand Opera company (in Chicago, I think), coming back once in a while of a summer to visit his old friends. His native town has not forgotten the dignity of his attainment and his pleasant personality.

Mrs. Lena White Shaw, the widow of George Lyman Shaw (his ability with the banjo, guitar and mandolin has been dealt with), and the daughter-in-law of the silver-tongued tenor, Chester Shaw, was a daughter of another of these three men. Her son, Leon Shaw, is a professional instrumentalist. Her sister Clara (Mrs,

j, Holgate), with a clear, ringing, soprano voice, has made a name for herself as a singer. She has studied diligently, and, like others of her neighbors and townspeople, she has sung not only professionally but for the good of various social and charitable enterprises. The daughter of the Holgates, Rita Taft Holgate, - for Mr. Hot-

istant relative of the present chief justice of the United
gate Saud r
States p eme Court, - has been or will soon be graduated from
athorough course in the New England Conservatory of Music,

Somewhat before my time of musical activity, Emma Walsh, vivacious and magnetic, was a moving spirit in the social life of Trinity Parish, Weymouth. She sang, but I do not know how well, although the charm of her personality was sufficient to insure her success before any audience. Marrying Frank Humphrey of East Weymouth, an uncle of Mrs. George Herbert Baker, she spent her married life in St. Louis, coming back to visit her father, the late John M. Walsh, from time to time. She died early in this century' I think, leaving her husband and three fine looking children, one girl and two boys. I remember the impression she made on me rather than the work she did.

M. Abbie Rogers (mentioned elsewhere in this chapter), who became Mrs. Will Pratt, taught pianoforte for many years, instructing pupils from East Weymouth and the adjoining towns, She was also an organist, playing first in what is now the Cominunity Church of South Weymouth. She then became organist at the Methodist Episcopal Church in East Weymouth, holding that position until she died in 1896. She also formed and sang in the Neilson Quartette, and studied the violin with Noah Torrey oF South Weymouth. She was always an active worker in the church and organized many a good musical entertainment for that institution.


Jonathan Packard, the grandfather of M. Abbie Rogers and' Jessie H. Lovell, was a singing-master in the days of the siflging~' schools. His daughter, Mrs. Alzjrq- Nct-rcl 1",.. +--1,

-.s,lt the, piano for years in South Weymouth, and was also organist at thel Congregational Church there. She studied in Boston and was honored by being selected to play upon the organ installed in the old Music Hall.

Here end the chronicles, inadequately but affectionately told, of the musicians of Weymouth. The material has been culled, partly from letters, partly from interviews with elderly persons who have, most kindly, shared with me recollections extending far. ther back than my own, and more largely and more unfortunately, from the efforts of a middle-aged man, myself, to recall data often not clear. Probably, about the time this written matter appears in print, an inrush of memories and an incoming of promised but belated letters will produce material perhaps more worthy of a place in the history than what already has been written. Of course, consequences of this kind are inevitable. With apologies to any of the dear singers I may have forgotten, and to any who feel that the), have been inadequately or erroneously portrayed, I add this One fitial record.

It seems to me that with no injustice to the hundreds already mentioned, there are three Weymouth musicians who, in the writer's estimation, would seem to have attained unusual prominence in the wider world of our country's musical affairs. I refer to Mrs. Helen Allen Hunt, vocalist, to Mr. John Hermann Loud, organist, Mid to Mr. F. Stuart Mason, composer.

Of all the singers of Weymouth, Mrs. Hunt has probably had the greatest career. She has been soloist with the Boston Sym. pliony Orchestra four times, in Boston, Cambridge, New Bedford, ~Ilid Fall River, with the HAndef and Haydn Society in "The NI essiah " and in " E'Iijah," has sung in concert form " Faust " and "Samson and Delilah," in Verdi's "Requiem," and in almost all the great choral works, for various societies all over New England. She has given recitals in Boston, Chicago, New York, Cedar Rapids, Kansas City and Philadelphia. For six years she has been at the stinuner school for music supervisors at Cornell University, during the litst two years known as the Pennsylvania Summer Session for Supervisors of Music, and meeting at West Chester, Pa., and she has signed for the next session. She has studied much in America and two years in Europe, and has filled church positions among the best in greater Boston, having sung five years at the Mother Church, Christian Science. I think it is fair to the rest of us to adjudge to her the greatest career. A significant note is that she was the great granddaughter of a Hunt, and that she also married a Hunt.

John Hermann Loud was born in the old homestead, the Blanchard house on Commercial Street, Weymouth, neir the railroad, Aug. 26, 1873, the oldest child of John J. Loud and his wife, Emily

Vickery Loud. His musical career has been dealt with in its proper talphabetical order. He is mentioned as one of the group of three, riot only for his musicianship, but because of his great devotion to bisart. Few among his brother musicians have been as consistently 'devoted to their ideals of the classic in music. Very few have been

as diligent in promoting those ideals. No one else, I think, in New .England has so conscientiously promulgated the recital idea as a rneans of popular education it. music. While some of us have been Content to improvise at the organ and to shorten our part of the service, particularly since the clergyman is so often jealous of the time taken up by the choir, Mr. Loud has made organ playing a great and conspicuous feature of his church work, for which fact both the American Guild of Organists, in which lie is an officer and a valued member, and his fellow townsman recording these words give him credit ungrudgingly. Therefore I consider hina rightfully a member of this group of three.

Of F. Stuart Mason, it is possible to say not only that he is an able composer, and therefore belongs properly iri this group, but oLtso that lie is both a violinist and a pianist of note. He has Hunt, pichards, Chipman and Mason inheritance, to which he has added

hard w,ork and devotion to his art. There must be both these, - inheritance and application, - for neither one alone will produce an artist. His musical education began in Weymouth, and his Inother, herself musical, sat beside him as he practiced, while his

grandfather, a singer, looked on with approval. He studied at the New England Conservatory, and after several years in Europe,

'returned to America to become ~ member of the faculty in his .klma Mater. From time to time Boston newspapers have given considerable space to his work, and the French government honored hun for the merit of his interpretation of French music. His work has been played by the Boston Symphony Orchestra, and has been heard from time to time upon other occasions in Boston and elsewhere.

On Nov. 11, 1923, he appeared in conjunction with the People's

Symphony Orchestra in the St. James Theater, Boston, playing on the piano a Persian Rhapsody of his own composition, A critic of experience, writing in the "Boston Post," s;dd, "Mr. Mason

. Mason is redolent of the East," continued
the "Post" critic. " It savors of the land from which his theme

has come. From this theme developments and variations arise, not as if they were deliberately planned, but with the effect of

freedom, spontaneity, yet inevitable consequence. And, at last, we have an American composer who modestly but very thoroughly understands his business.


"The instruments of the orchestra are employed with the sure brush of a colorist who plans exactly what will happen when he this tint and that one, which is the more astonishing in a young man who has not bad more of a chance for hearing his orcbestral compositions than any other American of his generation.

,.Add to this invention and technique, finally, the quality of taste which is inherent in Mr. Mason's music, and which sometimes seems rarer than anything else in this country. This was the second performance of the Persian Rhapsody, first played by the Boston Symphony Orchestra two years ago,,and admirably did the piece stand the second and more dispassionate examination. It is evident that Mr. Mason is a composer of exceptional talent and of whom one may entertain high expectations. He was applauded long and warmly after the performance."

"There is one glory of the sun, and another glory of the moon, and another glory of the stars," said the great Apostle to a comMunity somewhat puzzled by diversity of tastes and talents, "for one star differeth from another in glory." Yet together sun, moon and stars make up the "glorious firmament on high." And these, the men and women of whom I have written, quick to take ad. vantage of their opportunities, small or great, and exploiting to the full theirdiverse inheritances, are thernaterial from which this story has been woven. If "all the world's a stage," then surely each of them has played his part with a right good will, and in winning name and position for himself, has reflected a glory upon his birthplace.

Almost inevitably at the close of such a record as this, one asks himself why the town of Weymouth should have achieved its wide fame as the home of music lovers and musicians. First of all, no doubt, must be mentioned the fact so often emphasized in this chapter, that music was a part of the home life in those early coloiiial days. True it is, there were not so many other types of diversion. Music afforded a rest, a relaxation, a soul-life for which We restless modern Americans now search elsewhere. There is still singing in the home, to be sure, during the few minutes of each week when the members of the family congregate, but the old masters have been crowded to the wall. Broadway and its bright lights have been translated into jazz, - harsh, syncopated, tuneful in an elemental way, to be sure, but utterly lacking in the deeper timber of harmonies that once made part singing a delight.

From singing homes those young people of the early 1800's entered the singing school, then in the height of its popularity. To home enjoyment of music was added something of a technical insight, at the very least the ability to read well and to modulate one's voice with those of other singers. Soon their names began to appear upon the rolls of the various choral societies, glee clubs, and church choirs we have mentioned.

Such organizations are no more. Surely it is simple fact, not pessimism nor the disillusion of advancing middle age, to assert

that Weymouth is no longer a singing town, that it no longer enjoys the reputation earned through one hundred eventful years. Perhaps the singing school still has vitality, if only it were again to be o-r.ganized. It is said that the pendulum of taste and manners swings back and forth every seventy years. May it not be itiore than a fond dream to look forward to a time not long hence when the generations now struggling into consciousness may sing again in church and singing school in our beloved Weymouth the songs of "Auld Lang Syne "?