TroopC, 110th Cavalry, M.N-G.,FirstLierit. Everett H. Jerikinscommanding. Automobiles containing invited guests, as follows: MHis Excellency Charming ff. Cox, Governor of the Commonwealth, and rs. Cox.
Eton. William Howard Taft, Chief justice of the Supreme Court of the United States, Mrs. Taft aral Mrs. Carr.
Brig. Gen. Jesse F. Stevens, Adjutant General of Massachusetts, and the Governor's military staff
Maj. Gen. Andr6 W. Brewster, Commander First Corps Area, U. S. Army, and aides.
Rear Admiral Louis R. de Steigner, Commanding First Naval District, and aides.
flon. Arthur P. Rugg, Chief justice of the Supreme judicial Court of Massachusetts.
Hon. James M. Morton , Senior judge of the United States District Court for the District of Massachusetts.,Maj. Gen. Samuel S. Sumner, U. S. A. (retired)
Sergeant-at-Arms Frank L. ]felt, escorting a committee of the General Court of Massachusetts headed by Hoe. Frank G. Allen President of the Senate, and Hon. 13. Loring Young Speaker of the House of Representatives. The selectmen and t~wn clerk of Weymouth.
Representatives of the selectmen of Hingham, nolbrook. Hull, Rockland, Abington and Braintree' 1M.r. Ho,,~ard.1l1_,,,oy, President of the Weymouth Historical Society.
Old Colony Chapter Service Star Legion Inc., automobile with colors and gold star mothers. American Legion Auxiliary, float, Crescent and Wildey Lodges, L 0. O~ F., with band. Lodge Giuseppe Verdi, Sons of Italy, with band. Knights of Columbus, Thomas F. McCarthy, Grand Knight, commanding.
Marshal: County Commissioner Edward W. Hunt, former chairman, board of selectmea and former representative from Weymouth.
Aides: Superintendent of Streets Irving E. Johnson, formerly sergeant, 23d Engineers, U. S. A.; Superintendent Fred 0. Stevens of Weymouth Water Works; Tax Collector A. Wesley Sampson; Park Commissioner Joseph Kelley, former selectman.
Weymouth Fire Department, James A. Carley, chief. Wessagusset Club, float; subject, ''Wessagusset."Steadfast Rebekah Lodge, float.
Abigail Adams Rebekah Lodge, representing "Friendship, Love and Truth." Citizens' Association, Nash's Corner, float; subject, "The Treaty." Opportunity Circle of King's Daughters, float.
Delphi Lodge, Knights of Pythias, float; subject, ''The Lodge Room at Castle Hall,"
Delphi Temple 59, Past Chiefs' Club, Knights of Pythias. Delphi Temple 59, Pythian Sisters, float.The Old Colony Club, float.
Ladies' Auxiliary, Div. 1, A. 0. H., float. Ladies' Auxiliary, Div. 2, A, 0. H., float. Ladies' Auxiliary, Div. 9, A. 0. H., float~ Wessagusset Chapter, Order of the E'astern Star, float; subject, "The Star." Christian Endeavor Societies, float; subject, " Peace." Monday Club.
New England Telephone and Telegraph Operators, float; subject, "Wavers of Speech." Monarch Wet Wash.
Town ambulance, with assistant surgeons Wallace 11. Drake and Lewis W. Pease, an([ Town Nurses.
The route of the procession was via Bradley Road, Lovell Street, Bridge'Street, North Street, Commercial Street, Jackson Square, Commercial Square, Broad Street and Middle Street to Clapp Memorial Field, At the corner of Commercial and Madison Streets the Third Division, consisting of the invited guests, left the column and proceeded to the reviewing stand set up in the yard of the Jefferson School, where the parade was reviewed by it and by the chief marshal and staff, who took post mounted in the schoolyard.
On arrival at the Soldiers' Monument, which had been appropriately decorated under the auspices of Gen. James L. Bates Camp 36, Sons of Veterans, the column was halted and the chief
marshal and staff took post opposite the monument, the veteran organizations forming line to the left, facing the monument. All remained at attention while the American Legion band played "Pleyel's Hymn,' at the close of which the cornmand Present Arms," was given, and at the sound of ruffles on the drums, a wreath, bearing the inscription "To WeyroCalth'S Soldier Dead from their Comrades and Descendants," was placed on the monument by veterans and boys descended from veterans who served in each of the various wars in which Weymouth soldiers have taken part.
The veterans were in uniform, and each boy carried a silk flag indicative of that tinder which his ancestor fought, the so-called Cromwell flag, with the red cross cut out and the pine tree added, being used for King Philip's War; the old British Jack as it existed before the Irish Act of Union heing used for the 1,rench and Indiarl Warsj the Betsy Ross flag for the Revolutionary War; and the fifteen-stripe flag for the War of 1812. Those who represented the various wars in this picturesque ceremony were the following:
King Philip's War. - Louis Kent Bradford, ninth in descent from Lieut. Jacob Nash, a soldier in King Philip's War.
French and Indian Wars. - Frederic Gilbert Bauer, Jr., eighth in descent from Capt. Thomas Baker and John Wingate, soldiers in King William's and Queen Anne's Wars; sixth in descent from Barrett Rand, a soldier in the French and Indian War.
Pevolutionary lVar. - Ronald Graydon Torrey, seventh in descent from Capt. William Torrey and SergL. Charles Newcomb, soldiers in the Revolution.
War of 1812. - Richard Edson Mathewson, fourth in descent from John Hawes, a soldier in the war of 1812.
Civil War. - David Dunbar, formerly Corporal, 4th Mass. Heavy Artillery; Officer of the Day of Reynolds Post 58, G. A. R.
Spanish War. - Emery E. Welch, United Spanish War Veterans, formerly 2d Me. Infantry, U. S. Volunteers.
World War. - Lieut. William A. Connell, formerly 30th U. S. Infantry; wounded in the Argonne; Past Commander of %Veymouth Post 79, American Legion.
The wreath was purchased with contributions from Reynolds Post 58, G. A. R., Weymouth Post 79, A. L., Susannah Torts Chapter, D. A. R., Old Colony Chapter Service Star Legion, Inc., Reynolds Woman's Relief Corps No. 102, American Legion Auxiliary, Dorothea L. Dix Tent No. 32, Daughters of Veterans, and Gen. James L. Bates Sons of Veterans Auxiliary No. 31.
Public and private buildings along the line of inarch and generally through the town were profusely decorated, many of the decorations being very elaborate. The route of the parade was Inc on both sides with spectators on foot and in automobiles.
Prizes were offered by the town for the best features in the parade, and were won as follows:1. For the best organization of Boy or Girl Scouts, or Campfire
2. For the best marching organization from WeyrnDUM not in. eluded under 1, a first prize, won by Weymouth Post 79, American Legion.
3. For the best school participations, a first prize, won by the Sacred Heart School, representing the Liberty Bell; a second prize, well by the Hunt School, representing the Revolutionary Period in Weymouth~
4, For the best float, feature or other participation by a hereditary or patriotic order not included under 2 ' a first prize, won by Susannah Tufts Chapter, Daughters of the American Revolution, for a float representing Betsy Ross.
5. For the best floats or features not included under 3 or 4, a first prize, won by operators of the Weymouth Telephone Ex. change, for a float entitled "Wavers of Speech"; a second prize, won by the Wessagusset Club of North Weymouth, for a float entitled "Wessagusset"; a third prize, won by Abigail Adams Rebekah Lodge of South Weymouth, for a float entitled "Friendship, Love and Truth,"
The judges were: Lieut. Col. Walter C. Sweeney, General Staff Corps, U. S. Army, Assistant Chief of Staff, First Corps Area; Mr. Patrick T. Campbell, Headmaster of the Boston Latin School; and Mrs. Grace Morrison Poole, President of the Massachusetts State Federation of Women's Clubs.
Mr. Charles T. Heald acted as executive officer for the judges, and as the winning participants passed the Franklin School, gave each one the ribbon indicative of the prize won, to wear in passing the reviewing stand.
As soon as the parade had passed the reviewing stand the Cavalry and Field Artillery proceeded via Charles Street. to the grounds of the James Humphrey School, where they camped for the night, marching to their armory at Allston the following clay. The floats and other vehicles proceeded along Middle and Charles Streets, and the remainder of the parade turned into the Clapp Memorial (;rounds, where a luncheon was served to the troops and ice-cream distributed to all the marchers. On the balcony of the Memorial Building, which was draped in the national colors, were. the invited guests, members of the Grand Army , town officials, the chief marshal and staff, and other prominent citizens, among them Mrs. Edward B. Nevin, daughter of Brevet Brig. Gen. James L. Bates, who had presided at the two hundred and fiftieth anniversary exercises in 1874.
When all were in their places, High Sheriff Samuel ff. Capen of Norfolk County stepped to the front of the platform, and, rapping three Cmes with his sword, said: "Thi~ assemblage is now called to order."
Chairman Theron L. Tirrell of the board of selectmen then came forward and announced: "In the name of the town of Weymouth, the oldest town save Plymouth At this ancient Commonwealth, and the scene of the first battle by troops of this State, I extend a cordial welcome to our honored guests and to all visitors both civil and military.
"I will now appoint Col. Frederic G. Bauer to officiate as master Of ceremonies."
Colonel 'Bauer thereupon took the chair, and the exercises proceeded as follows:
Colonel BAUER: "Although the first settlers of our town -are said to have been men of somewhat fast lives, who did not like the strict r6gime at Plymouth, the permanent colonization of Wey~ month was a part of the great Puritan movement which sought to find on these shores a place to worship God freely, as we enjoy that privilege to-day.
"The one thing they reverenced most was the Bible; indeed, the standard of the Puritan army in England had the Bible Tepresented upon it. The Rev. William Hyde will now read a lesson from the Scriptures. The passage which he will read is that which was read at the three hundredth anniversary of Emmanuel College, Cambridge, the college from which graduated nearly all the Puritan leaders of New England who had a University training; and the book from which he will read was originally the property of John William Shute, a soldier in the War of 1812."
Rev. WILLIAM HYDE: "The passage of Scripture appointed to be read is taken from the forty-fourth chapter of the Book of Ecclesiasticus, the first to the fifteenth verses, inclusive:
Colonel BAUER: "Prayer xVill now be offered by the chaplain of the day, the Rev: Charles W. Allen, pastor of the First Baptist Church at Weymouth Landing."
Rev. CHAS. W. ALLEN: "Almighty God, our Heavenly Father, in whom we live and move and have our being, .ve worship before Thee to whom the highest of heaven bow down and worship, crying 'Holy, holy, holy is the Lord God of Hosts, and let the whole earth be filled with His glory.'
. We thank Thee for this glorious day; we thank Thee for the days of our fathers, for the thoughts tl~at burned in their hearts, for the ambition they had for truth and righteousness, for liberty and justice and fraternity.
11 We thank Thee, 0 God, that these high ideals led them across tile stormy waters to this virgin soil. We rejoice in all their victories and their faith ' for which we give thanks to-day.
"We pray for our nation, for its chief executive, for those who have filled its high offices, and especially the one who is with us to-day. We thank Thee that Thou hast spared his life to be here, arid go forth with him and keep him.
"We thank Thee for our old Bay State, and for its Governor who is present on this occasion, and for the lofty principles of this Commonwealth that he represents.
"We thank Thee for our town and for its beautiful situation, for all its citizens that have high ideals and are looking forward to great things for this town in the future.
"We pray Thee, Almighty God, that Then wilt accept Our thanks for all who have served nobly oil land and sea in the great Wars for Our freedom, and for those in that great Struggle that has gone so far to set this world free.
"May Thy richest blessing rest on all tile societies and organizatioii~ - and all the concerus of this great celehratioll to-day,
"We thank Thee for the past; we thank Thee for the presentand we pray for the future. God of our fathers, be the God o; every succeeding generation, and bless all who have worked faithfully for this day and all it means.
''Bless the children, the rising generation, and help us who are older to set the right example; to so live from day to day that when tile end of life to us shall come we shall hear tl~e Master say, 'Well done good arid faithful servant; enter tho" into the joy of thy f,ord.'
~'He~p us to have a great heart, great faith and great affection; help us to reach out in our sympathies to all the nations of the world; and grant that we as a nation so mighty and so strong may help to lift up the weak and fallen, and strengthen the things that remain.
"These things we ask, together with the forgiveness of our sill', in the name of our Lord Jesus Christ, world without end, Amen, "
Colonel BAUER: "Weymouth was the first settlement within what afterwards became the colony of Massachusetts Bay, which
later absorbed the Plymouth Colony. We are fortunate to-day in having with us the Chief Executive of that old Commonwealth, which unites in its government these two ancient colonies, and it gives me great pleasure to present a" this tirne_ our Governor, His Excellency, Charming H. Cox."
As Governor Cox arose he was received with prolonged applause, and Colonel Bauer called "Three cheers for Governor Cox!" which were gNen with great enthusiasm.
Governor Cox: " Colonel Bauer, Chief justice Taft, Invited Guests and Ladies and Gentlemen, good citizens all: On this (lay, as yell celebrate the three hundredth anniversary of this old town, I am happy to come as the representative of the Commonwealth, to bring the greetings and the felicitations of Massachusetts, of which Weymouth is an honorable part.
"The story of Weymouth during three hundred years is largely the story of Massachusetts itself, - tile record of the sacrifices and privations of the men and women who settled here; the story of how they overcame difficulties, how they met their problems, how they responded to the call of duty in 075; how these men, some of whose associates are here to-day, went out to sustain and support during the hour of need the great Abraham Lincoln; how in 1898 this town opened its doors arid sent out its young men to go to the support of the country's cause; how so recently, within the memory of all of you, Weymouth Trade that remarkable record in the time of the World War; how people have lived here happy and contented lives; how they have achieved successes and how they have surmounted difficulties, -all t his story of achievement and accomplishment is a part of the history of the old Commonwealth.
"And it is truly a cause in which all the citizens of Massachusetts find occasion for rejoicing, arid I am happy to-day to see that there is a spirit arid a desiie in IhL hearts of the people of (his town to turn aside from their vocations and avocations and to commemorate - to pay tribute to the memory of those who have gone before, and to show their appreciation of this great and worthy and notable record which has been written.
"I am happy also to join with you in behalf of Massachusetts in welcoming to the home of his progenitors a citizen of the whole Nation, one who has served his fellow men worthily and well ~applause]; who has occupied the two highest positions of the greatest trust and the greatest responsibility in the Nation, - to join with you in this welcome to the home of his ancestors of the Chief justice of tile Supreme Court of the United States, - William Howard Taft, who is here with us. ~Great applause.1
''I appreciate that these are not favorable circumstances under which to attempt ail address. You would not like to have me do it, and T shall not endeavor to do so, but in this record which we are reviewing to-day, and these achieverrients which we contemplate, let there stand the challenge, and let there be the inspiration982 - TERCENTENARY CELEBRATION
for us to go forward and to lead lives which may compare favorably with those of the past which we are celebrating to-day.
"We have progressed so far in many directions; we have become so accustomed to the unexpected that we hardly pause as we read of men flying from the Atlantic to the Pacific Ocean without stopping, as we hear voices that have come through the air from Cuba or some far-off place, coming to our own homes, and as we see the great, the tremendous, the amazing progress which is being made in science - we seldom pause now to comprehend what it all means,
"But in spite of such developments I believe that it still remains true that human nature is much the same to-day as it was three hundred years ago when the settlement was laid here. Men give evidence that they have the same elements of strength, and some. times they give evidence that they are susceptible to the same temptations; that they yield themselves to the same prejudices, and they indulge in the same weaknesses.
"The men who faid the foundations of Plymouth and of Wessa. gusset, and of these other old towns in Norfolk and Plymouth counties; the men who laid the foundation of a new state here on this continent understood with a remarkable foresight what would be required. And so they erected the framework of a government which would permit the multiplying of industries, the expansion of commerce, and the increase of wealth; but it was all predicated upon the assumption that the citizen would intelligently and loyalty discharge all of his obligations to the community as a whole. And Tthough many experiments in government have been tried, - they iave tried them in the laboratories of Gerniany, of Italy, of 1~ussia and other countries in the world, - so far they have failed to inake any substantial improvement upon the Yankee invention of iepresentative government, which is Ours to enjoy, and under which we live. [Applause.1
11 If that be true, let those of us who are to-day responsible for t lie present generation make a success of our lives. Let us live thern worthily. Let us enrich the precious traditions which have come to its. Let us make it possible for those who mayhap assemble here a hundred years from now, for the four hundredth ~innivcrsary of the settlement of this town, let it be their proudest boast, as I believe it is ours to-day, when we exclaim, 'We are citizens of the greatest, the wisest, the noblest country which men have ever been given to know, - the United States of America."' [Great applause.1
Colonel BALTER: "Two professions are represented prominently here to-day, - the profession of arms and the profession of the law. In the Army, Navy and National Guard we have here representatiVes of every branch of the service. We have here the head of the legal profession in the United States, the head of the legal profession in Massachusetts, and the head of the Federal judicial system in Massachusetts."The two professions are closely interwoven, because the work
of one begins where the work of the other leaves off. Our courts are entitled to the high respect and honor we give them, because back of them stands the whole power of the state to enforce their mandates, and if the sheriff with his posse is unaah-le to carrv out their decisions, there stands the soldier with his bayonet ready to enforce them, as we were obliged to do for several months in one of our Massachusetts cities some years ago.
"We are privileged to have here the Chief justice of the Supreme judicial Court of Massachusetts, and it gives me great pleasure to present to you now the Honorable Arthur Prentice Ru~g, who will address you and then introduce his illustrious colleague, Chief justice Taft~"
The Chief justice was greeted with applause and three cheers led by Colonel Bauer.
Hon. ARTHUR P. RuGG: "Mr. Chairman, Men and Women of Weymouth: The event which you celebrate this day is of weighty significance. The founding of a nation upon this continent was undertaken by men and women of unbounded capacity for self~ sacrifice, for self-control and for service. They established a state upon two corner stones: one, religion; and in every town in this colony of Massachusetts there sprang up at once the meeting-house, symbolic of sound character; the other, education, and beside the meeting-house in every town was built the schoolhouse, symbolic of the necessity of an intelligent mind to administer free institutions,
"This has grown into a mighty nation where the people rule. And these first settlers of Weymouth understood, as well as any in the three hundred years that have intervened have understood, that free government could not be carried on except by an intelligent and moral citizeiiship. Therefore the legacy that comes down from our Pilgrim and Puritan ancestry is the principle of high character founded upon spiritual impulse and e(hical training, - founded upon true education and learning in the essentials of right living.
"This celebration emphasizes the fact that it is the fundamentals and not the fringes which make a riation. We in America have come in these later years to think so much upon physical resources and material welfare, that it is well on occasions like this to call attention to the fundamentals of genuine national life, - sound character and true education.
"It is of superior importance to a free government which de. pends upon national patriotism that there be local patriotism; and so it is of momentous consequence to Weymouth that by this anniversary you are riveting the attention of young and old upon the beginnings of this town, and teaching these children - how impressive their parade was, teaching them as nothing else could teach them - the local patriotism which should animate, and which will inspire, them as long as they live. Love of the place which gives us birth is assurance of loyalty to the country to which we owe allegiance."The lateness of this hour admonishes me to leave unsaid much
that I would be glad to say. In the Scripture that was read we were told of 'famous men.' The tercentenary of a town revives the memorv of the lives of ancient and famous men, and Wevmouth has not been without such men through the intervening generations since the 'Charity' and 'Swan' came to your shore.
"By virtue of the high office of Chief Justice of this Commonwealth it is my privilege to present to you a most distinguished son of Weymouth, a son born without your confines but having the true spirit of the Puritan and the Pilgrim, and exemplifying in character and achievement all that the traditions of the Pilgrim and Puritan warn us to exemplify. It is ,vithout precedent that one man has occupied the two most exalted offices in this great Nation. It is the rare distinction of Weymouth to name as her son one who not only has occupied those two offices, but who has conferred an added luster to each. It i's my great pleasure to introduce the Chief justice of the United States, William Howard' Taft."
Colonel BAUER: "Let us give three cheers for Chief Justice Taft."The three cheers and "Tiger" -,vere given with vigor.
Hon. WILLIAM HOWARD TAFT: "Ladies and Gentlemen' my fellow citizens of Weymouth: tLaughter and applaUse.j I am honored to be invited to speak in association with His Excellency the Governor of Massachusetts and the Chief justice of the Supreme Judicial Court of this Commonwealth, - men who honor the positions which they hold.
"I value the privilege of being with you as one of the celebrants of this great three hundredth anniversary of your town. I am glad you recognize that I have a right to be here. [Applause and cheers.] I have known of Weymouth ever since I have been able to know of anything. My father was a great lover of genealogy, and I have known from my earliest childhood of Capt. William Torrey who lived at Weymouth and-was a good deal of a man at Weymouth.
"Then Robert Taft came and settled in your neighboring town of Braintree. William Torrey came in 1640 and Robert Taft Came in 1678. My mother-she was Louise M. Torrey-always thought the Torreys were just a little better thar, the Tafts [renewed laughterl-they came earlier; and we knew where the Torreys came from, but were riot at all certain where the Tafts came from (laughter]. But this we do know, that the Torreys and the Tafts got together. [Loud laughter and applause.]
"After awhile some branches of the Torrey family went to Mendon, about forty miles from here. They Were going west, and the Taft* went there too. Robert Taft was a carpenter, and he had' five carpenter sons, and when they settled down at Mention they gathered in a good deal of the farm land there through building a bridge for the town, and they went ahead to increase and multiply. Last year I went to Mendon and found there a nionLurent to the
with you something of the great significance of the history of Wey-_ ,mouth in the establishment of the Commonwealth of Massachu- setts and of the New England government.
"Weymouth, as has been intimated, began in a commercial venture; it did not last because there were no women in it. We need the women, -at least, we are beginning to find out I hat we do, -and that failing, Thomas Weston did not find that his cornmercial judgment was as good as his fishing skill. And then there came the settlement called tile 'First.Settlement,' although by rights it seems to me you go back to 1622, - the first settlement in September of 1623, made under the auspices not of the Puritans and not of the Pilgrims, but of the followers of Charles 1, the hl'pi~- copal Party in England; and they came over here intending to offset the influence of the Puritan and the Pilgrim - but they were reckoning without their host. " They brought a governor-general and a grand admiral and
· year, and then they settled down to a contest between clergy~ men. In the meantime, or before they came, the Pilgrims had to save the commercial adventurers -they had to call in Capt. Miles Standish.
"Now, the Captain was called in only in crises, when reasoning and pacification would not work. His theory of action was the same as that of David Harum, - "to do unto others what they want to do to you, but do it first," and that was what he did in 1623, and what he did in 1628. Because there was a gentleman named Thomas Morton -liewas a gay bird, He put up the May pole at 'Merry Mount,' and he sold liquor to the Indians. At least, that is what the Pilgrims say he did, -and we have got to believe the Pilgrims, - and they concluded that lie was not a good neighbor. So they called in Capt. A/files Standish again, and he went over and adjusted the situation (ha, ha, lia), and lie wiped brother Thomas Morton off this continent for the time being; and it is probable that Thomas Morton went home, and like the enemy that job wished to have, he wrote a book, and lie told a good many stories that looked like lies, and I guess they were.
"After that there came in 1635 another minister with twentyone families an(I settled here, and then the town acquired the name of Weymouth. They were allowed to 'sit down' by a resolution of the General Court, and they SaL, but it (lid not bring peace because between 1635 and 1644 this town of Weymouth was a sort of battleground for ministers seeking to establish their particular congregations and their particular ministry here. Things were more peaceable in Ply1u0Uth and more peaceable in Boston, but here there was real freedom of discussion. There were four986 TERCENTENARY CELEBRATION
ministers who struggled to succeed; one of them wrote Cruden's Concordance, although he did not get the credit for it-he had time to do that while he was waiting for a pulpit [laughter],
"These Puritans who came over here to seek complete freedom for religion were in favor of 'freedom to worship God' as long as you worshipped God as they worshipped God (ha, ha, ha) ' but when you worshipped God another way-they had not quite reached the height of tolerance to permit it. So they sent a committee headed by the Rev. John Wilson of Boston (who was an ancestor of mine, therefore I can speak of him), and he was one of tire most narrow ecclesiastics that we ever had in the history of this country; and that committee sat on the four ministers that .were here, and they eliminated all of them who did not come up to his (Wilson's) standard. After that we had complete freedom of religion, because they had publicly weeded out those who followed the last minister - Dr. Lenfall. That is one way of convincing your adversary about the truths of religion.
"After that there succeeded complete peace and we had clergymen that fasted. The first one lasted twenty years. That was 'going some' in those days for Weymouth. And then the next man was the Rev. Samuel Torrey. He was not an ancestor of mine -I would have been proud if he had been, but he belonged to the family. He was the oldest son of Capt. William Torrey, and he lasted here as a minister for fifty-one years. And you can understand the position that he occupied in the commullity when I tell you that he once prayed for two hours before an audience, and then that audience wanted him to go on. Ha! We come of great stock.
"And then after him there came Parson William Smith. He was the father of Abigail Adams, the greatest daughter of a son of Weymouth, for she became the wife of John Adams and the mother of John Quincy Adams, and I certainly believe that Charles Francis Adams thought that the greatness of the family came from Parson William Smith and Abigail Adams. And lie lasted ~fty years - forty-nine, to be exact.
"So that, after all, you see that this conservation, which some peop)e call suppression worked fairly well in this particular in. stance, arid Weymouth ~ecarne a Puritan town with all the strength of character which we like to think attaches to our New England civilization.
"Weymouth has had, therefore, a most interesting history. It is true that in those clays they did not exercise tolerance for other religions; they had some of that intolerance which had led them to leave their home country, but they did encourage the discussion of religion, they (lid encourage the reading of the Scriptures, they did encourage controversy with respect to religion, - within limits, - but when they started in that spirit they could not make the limits liold; and the consequence was that out of the very doctrines and practices that they set up here New England became
the freest of all countries with respect to tolerance of religion and of freedom. [Applause.]
"i felicitate you on this great celebration of this day. I felicitate you on having such a highly honorable history in every war where you have been called upon to make sacrifices, I felicitate you on showing by this very great procession the combination among your own people - the co-ordination of all your strength and forces, showing what your public spirit is here - that you could make this day as notable as it has been.
"And I thank you for giving me the, opportunity as a son of Weymouth - and I am glad to claim the honor - of being here to address you and take a part in this celebration."Good night and good-bye." [Great applause and cheering.1
The exercises closed with the singing by all present of the first and last verses of "America," led by the band.
While the parade was in progress, yacht races were held at North Weymouth, under the leadership of the Wessagusset Yacht Club, the other participants being the Quincy, Wollaston and Squantuni Yacht Clubs. There were four classes, and the winners were as follows:
These are one-desiRn catboats, designed by Clarence R. Snow, a member of the club, and built in 1916 and 1917 by Willis J. Reed of East Boston. They are fifteen feet over all, fourteen feet on the water line, seven feet nine inches beam, and carry two hundred and sixty square feet of sail. There are twelve boats in the class, three of them sailed by boys under eighteen years of age.
First, "Jumbo," sailed by James Le Cain, winner of the 1922 championship in the class.
Second, "Ruth," sailed by George E. White, the yo6ngest skipper in the class.Third, "Hank," sailed by Henry R. O'Brien.
These boats were built in 1921 by Reid of `tVinthrop, and tivelve feet long and five feet six inches beam, with a cat-boat First, "Mutt," sailed by Roger Emery. Second, "floney," sailed by Edgar Sn'Unders.
T have no right to speak except is a descendant of file Torrey family, the first of whorn, Capt. 'William Torrey, settled in \Veynio~th in 1640~ sonfe seven(cc yvai, ~iflrfr Captain Gorge, founded tile town and bucallic one of its active lea~;t.rs, relpiesented it in the 6eneral Court ,in(( s~lbscquclltly lecallie the Clerk of that both'. .'llv na,i)err's nante was Louise Maria Tolley -fail it is through her If
(laini'the lionor or being one of the celebrants of diis anniversary. I have always had tile iniprebsimi that the first of rny anaustors oil u)), falber's si<le Robert Uaft, OlSO !an(ICrf at WCyannIth, somewhere about 1678, but I have ~ot been able to authenticate this. What I do know is that Robert Ta t set tied at Braint,ee, ahich is near enotigh Weymouth to justify a neighborhood interest. The TaFts and the Torre)s or at least a branch of the Torreys, infix,ed to Mcliflon, airlift forty Miles fr()r~i [lesion and fif(cen miles front the 10ifide Is4ind line. Noterrt Tart uent early thran lo8t), ill,- Torrey family hiler. There is a uronutreat ill Mendon bcaral~ ~1, nanie., of the thirty-f0tur own who founded TlIcudoo, between 10(k and 1689. S;) that f think I read iny title clear to the claim of beirg fir Nla6baClalsett.~ Ste( ~,
I like to dwell on the history of Sanarul Torrey, because though not in roy direct line lie was of the h ~loily whence I arn starting, being the oldest soft of Capt. William Torrev. Fre fall a gift of prayer and on one occasion Ile prayed two fours, and at the close there were indicatio.s that the congregation would lie I"lall to have hila contillue. lie was thrice called upon to deliver the election serrion, ,,all twice ",as called io tile presiftricy of Harvard College. lie IDUSt have been a roan if high cloiracter broa,i earning art(( great coalition sense, I)CCaLlIC lie endeared himself to his pec;ple'
TheIC (TICbtati(AIS 01 tile founding of New England settlenrents are advisable retutudLrs of what we owe those who took part in thilin and desire interest from the high, honorable and indispensable part which Neu, England on the whole Ills played in the 111,11,'ing0f this Relall)hC and ill the creation of the typical American.
One would make no invidious distinctions between the Plymouth Colony, that of Massachusetts Bay, that of Hartford, that of New Haven and that of Providence. They were all possible only through the earnest self-sacrificing devotion of brave men and women, moved to expose themselves to the dangers of this new world by religious ccmvict;fm~ by love of God and of political freedom.
The principles that stand out of the practice of all these New England colonies need renewal in this tercentenary celebration. Their people taindit and -recognized the necessity for the right of property, and, above all, they insisted on the foundation of religion among the people to make them moral and strong and able to sustain the responsibility of a government and a Nation. The lonver one lives, the more experience he has in government, tile more clearly lie recogfrizes the strength which the practice and reaching of religion has in enabling a people to be useful to themselves and to the world.
The strenigth of the New England ideas which have spread through this country and have been the chief basis of its moral aspiration is in tIlLir religious faith~ That permeated those who settled New England ;aid inade her what she ,~as,,To-j!lIyrthe hope that we may continue to Ile a useful Nation is to Ile found
na U lance of a great kody of responsible men and women who recognize the fatherhood of Grod and the brotherhood of mail, and their duty to live 111) to his commandments as they understand thein. What we tinist fight is indifferonce and inertia, which ultimately lend to a dullness in appreciating the duties we owe and stir us to emphasize only the rights and privileges we would ctljoy.
The sells of New England to-day are perhaps a third of our whote population, and their influence upon the ideals of this country is far greater than their ratio of numbers.
As soon as the date of the celebration was decided upon, an invitation engrossed upon parchment was sent to his worship the mayor and the council of NVeymouth, Eng., inviting them to send a representative to the celebration. On account of the shortness of time they were unable to do this, but the following letter and cablegrains were received from the English home of our first settlers.
DcAle SIR: -I ain directed by the mayor to acknowledge and t1hank you for the invitation fro Ill your board of selectmen to attend the celebration of your town's three hundredth anniversary, but regret that the short notice given readers it impossible for a representation of this rounicipality to attend your celebration. Your kill([ invitation will be duly reported to the council at its meeting on the 14tb instant. Yours faithfully,
In commemoration of the
Three Hundredtli Anniversary of the
and the encounter of the
Settlers under Miles Standish
with the Indians in March, 1623,
when the Indian Chiefs
Pecksuot and Wituwaurnet
were killed, thereby averting
serious disaster to the Colonies.
This tablet placed in 1923
fly the Society of Colonial Wars
in"the Commonwealth of Massachusetts.
town in the Commonwealth, and the first municipality in America to adopt the democratic form of government, - for the people, by the people, and of the people.
"And we are honored to-day by State and Nation in the presence of our distinguished guests.
"Three hundred years ago there sailed up this river one June day two little sloops, the 'Charity' and the 'Swan,' and from them landed a sturdy band of pioneers; and after due deliberation they decided that this was 'a pleasant place to sit down.' And then and there the corner stone of this ancient town was formally laid.
"This colony, under the leadership of Thomas Weston, suffered much from the animosity of the Pilgrims, being denounced by them as 'rude and profane,' but before we judge them too severely I think it is only fair that we should understand the meaning of the words applied to them. Three hundred years ago among the Pilgrims a man who was strong and husky was termed a 'rude fellow,' and any one. who supported the Church of England and did not subscribe to the Pilgrim doctrines was called 'profane,' and thus the first settlers were described by Bradford.
"The Indians whom they found here were decidedly hostile, and they planned an attack which should annihilate the whites, but through the friendly interference of one of the Indians this plan was revealed in time to obtain aid from Plymouth, and on March 27 Capt. Myles Standish arrived here with his army(?) of eight men, and in the fight which followed, which was the first encounter of armed troops in New England, the Indians were overcome and the destiny of the colony was preserved.
" It was that landing three hundred years, ago and that Indian encounter which we commemorate to-day, treading the same shores where the first settlers landed, roaming over the very hills which were first peopled by them, and looking down eastward of this hill to those broad acres which were the ancestral home of our distinguished guest, the Honorable Chief justice of the United States.
"Realizing that the first settlers founded this colony on the firm rock of the church, and believing that much of out- prosperity has come from a consistent adherence to those principles, it is eminently fitting that we turn our hearts and lift our voices to the Supreme Ruler of the universe, and I now ask the Reverend Father Holland to offer a prayer."
Rev. JOHN B. HOLLAND. "Our Father ill Heaven, we, Thy children, gathered here to-day beneath the flag of our country on ground that is sacred with many relations of history and religion, ask Thy blessing.
"Three hundred years ago this great Republic, of which we are citizens now, by Thy all-mercifl-11 providence was established, and Then Almighty God hast -,vatched over Lis and hast blessed it
About the middle of the big building was a large upright engine of one hundred and fifty or more horsepower. This engine was a thing of.beauty as well as of power, handsomely painted, its brass work polished to the !I-init, enuclosed in a big room as fine as was ~he engine. The contrast between the inside and outside of the engine room was extreme, to put it mildly. In the early years a little Englishman by the name of Curt was engineer. He had three boys, Sain, Tom and Eddie. They were English all right, regular Cock. neys, and the way they left out and added "h's" was amusing to the rest of its boys. Sam, the oldest, was a quiet, serious fellow of twelve, and seemed to us boys to be able to run the engine about as well as his father. Eddie, the youngest - "Eddie Two Thumbs," we called him - was the proud and envied possessor of two thumbs on one hand, side by side, and not much larger together than the other. Later, Charley Bowen, eldest son of B. W. Bowen, the superintendent, had charge of the engine until the finish,
Along the front of the mill, facing the yard, were the furnaces, and between them and the nail machines was the trip harnmer, squeezers and shears. On the other side of the yard were big piles of iron ore, pig iron, coal, mostly soft, and flint or quartz. And ''that reminds me" of a way the boys of sixty years ago had of earning a dollar, unknown to the boys of to-day and to most men also. We used to go to the different gravel banks and gather flint, varying in size from that of a baseball to a football, cart it home in a wheelbarrow, for which the Company would pay a dollar a ton delivered to their yard. Unless one had a relative or friend owning a horse and cart one-half would go to the carter. Those dollars were certainly earned. If a boy wheeled home fifty pounds at each trip itwould have taken fortytrips to haveaccumulated. aton,which, if carted free, would give him 2V2 cents a trip. How the present generation of boys would fall over each other hunting for flint! Whether the supply did not equal the demand or not is uncertain but a few years later they stopped buying our flint, and bought' quartz by the carload. It is always so - if one has a "snap" it is short-lived. Probably the flint or quartz aided in freeing the iron of its impurities.
Our earliest recollections of the officials were Increase ("Old Man") Robinson, president; Warren W. Barker, treasurer; John Washburn, superintendent; Robert McIntosh, clerk. Some years later John Washburn was succeeded by Benjamin W. Bowen, and still later David Tucker followed Warren Barker. Robert McIntosh was with them to the end, and at the time of his death two years ago was the last of the old office force.
It was interesting to see the various processes involved in the manufacture of the nails; the furnaces, whose fires were seldom raised to a white heat, and charged with iron ore, pig iron, and "scrap." Ask "Mick" Fogarty and "Nachie" Lonergan about the scrap iron. They were " pilers " in their young clays, piling tit e pieces of scrap on boards ready for the furnaces. Then the " pud-
dlers" and their helpers, - big brawny men stripped to the waist, -stood in front of the roaring furnaces, and, through holes in the thick iron door, with long bars, " puddled " or mixed the melted iron unfil ;t fnr e n "heat," -a white-hot mass free from its
I . it .-.m-d - dross. Then the furnace door was opened and a man with a big pair of tongs running on a pulley overhead thrust it into the furnace and pulled out the heat and rushed it, dripping a rain of sparks, to the squeezers, and from that to the big trip hammer; then to the different rolls, where it was flattened into lengths of eight or ten feet, some fifteen or eighteen inches wide, of various thicknesses, according to the size of the nails into which it was to be cut.
Then it went to the shears, where it was cut crosswise into strips as wide as the nails were th be long. At times a small low-wrought iron cart eight or ten inches deep was backed up to the furnace to be filled with the dross, or "slag," which poured from an opening "it the bottom of the furnace. This ''slag," when cold, would be broken and dumped as filling in vacant lots. Ther~ must be thousands of ~ons beneath the surface of the lot near Jackson Square, near the billboards, Water Street, and Commercial, from the herring house to Wharf Street, known as "The Black Road," kept in repair by the Company with slag and ashes, Excepting the nail Jepartments, the mill started work at 3 or 4 o'clock in the morning. uMen the whole village was lighted with the columns of flame streaming from the high smokestacks. Their day ended soon after noon.
The puddlers were the best paid hands employed, except, perhaps, some of the boss nailers, some of whom controlled a number of machines, hiring "second hands" to "turn plate" for the extra machines, the "boss" grinding the knives and otherwise caring for them. Both boss and second hands were paid so much per hundred. To turn plate the operator sat on a high stoat in front of the machine, handling a rod about five feet long, its near end supported by a hook in which it turned, and the plate held in nippers on the front end. After learning to time each motion with the movements of the machine he pushed the plate squarely against the bed knife .and turned it in time for the next movement so that the head of the second nail was cut from the other side of the plate, cutting perhaps a hundred a minute. Some boys turned plate through the vacation. Not many, however. Sitting all day in summer on a high stool did not appeal to many boys then, and would to even fewer now. And who can blame them? Boys and girls need play as well as food. A combination of work and play is ideal and practical, too. A boy of to-day can get fun and profit from pig and poultry clubs, and farm and garden.
To some "grown-tips" (a fortunate few), work is a pleasure. This applies to authors, artists, inventors, also to evangelists and missionaries. Happy are they, and "may their tribe increase." But this is supposed to be ancient history and not a modern essay. So we will "take up the thread of our discourse," as the old-fash966 1 TERCENTENARY CELEBRATION
among all the nations of the world, so that the oppressed in every land can turn longing eyes and outstretched hands hitherward for rplief and comfort nnrl wp hn,lp np,,Pr f~;I~d tl,.~ R,,f C)
y Father, we know that anything of permanent value in this life must* be built on Thee; we cannot forget that the Almighty God, the Giver of all good gifts, watches over the smallest creature, and so we ask Thy blessing this day that we may walk in the paths of our forefathers; that we may regard life as a sacred trust and not our own, but something loaned to us by Thee, Almighty God, the bountiful Giver of all things. Make us, Heavenly Father, to walk in the way of Thy guidance; teach us to know Thee in Jesus Christ, Thy Son, and when the battle of life is over, and when the death angels call us, may we hear those consoling words: 'Well done thou faithful servants, enter into the joy of Thy Lord and receive in all eternity the golden crown.' "
WILLIAM ROTCH, ESQ.: "Your Excellency, Mr. Chief Justice, Ladies and Gentlemen: Three hundred years ago and a little more the first two settlements were established on the shores of Massa. chusetts which have persisted to this day. The first, of course, was historic Plymouth; the second was at Wessagusset, the Indian name for Weymouth, which, as has just been stated, was the place where democratic government was first proclaimed.
"I will not go very much into the history of those early clays, but will say that perhaps in those times the Indians were not always fairly treated; at any rate, they believed they had cause for complaint, and they planned to make an attack on this little settlement of Wessigusset, and even went so far as to say that they would extend that attack to Plymouth and wipe out all the white settlers,
But Massasoit, the great chief of the Warnpanoags and a friend also of the Puritans, had made a treaty of friendship with the nhabitants of the Plymouth Colony, which was perhaps the first act of diplomacy recorded in this country. Massasoit heard of this plot and proposed attack and gave warning to the Plymouth people. A council was held, and Capt. Myles Standish was appointed to take charge of proceedings necessary to preserve the safety of the two settlements.
"Myles Standish had received a commission from Queen Elizabeth. He had served in the Netherlands in the outrageous wars of the Inquisition, and was the only man among the Pilgrims who had any training in military affairs, and was among all others the principal man Of the Community when anything very decided had to be adopted. He assembled, as has been said, eight men, which he considered was a large enough army to do what was necessary, and they marched immediately towards the settlement of 'Wessagusset because that was where the Indians were; and after one or two short engagements, and you would hardly call them that, two Indians were killed and one captured. One Indian escaped and gave warning to the rest of the tribe. Standish straightway took his men and marched to the place where lie knew the Indians to be,
for he was determined to carry the war into the enemy's precinct. He saw the Indians; they saw him, There was a high hill they both tried to gain possession of. Standish evidently outgeneraled the
Indians, and althougli a iew scattered volleys weic fiied 0-y -1 finally defeated and driven off, and the settlements were preserved.
"Now, in commemoration of the three hundredth anniversary of the arrival on these shores of those hardy settlers, and in commemoration of the historic fight by Myles Standish and his army, the Society of Colonial Wars of Massachusetts presents this tablet to the citizens of Weymouth; and in after years when you may ascend to the top of this Great Hill may your hearts thrill with admiration for the men and women who crossed the sea, and may you also admire Capt. Miles Standish, whose courage probablysaved those early settlers from destruction."
Mr. FRANCIS W. RrA (Chairman of the Park Commissioners)7 "Responding, for the town of Weymouth to the presentation of our honored guest the representative of the Society of Colonial Wars, I would say it~at the gift of this tablet has been made more interesting and valuable by the touch of the hand of one of the first ladies of the land.
"We accept it, first, in commemoration of events which marked the beginning of the greatest nation on the earth, and also the beginning of the settlement which makes Weymouth what it is to-day and we hope as we look upon this tablet in the future that not oniy the occurrences of three hundred years ago will be remembered, but that the 16th of June, 1923, was a great day in the history of Weymouth.
"We thank the Society of Colonial Wars for this tablet, and we hope that the citizens of Massachusetts and of Weymouth will for the next three hundred years continue in progress and in loyalty to this country and its institutions." (Applause.)
At the conclusion of the dedicatory exercises "Adjutant's Call" was sounded, and the various divisions of the parade, which had formed on the hill and in Lovell and Bridge Streets, took *their places in column, and the parade started for East Weymouth. The roster,of the parade was as follows:
Col. Frederic Gilbert Bauer, J. A. G., 0 R. C.
16,Zs: [last Commander Bradford flawes, Post 58, G~ A. R., formerly Acting Hospital Steward, 4th Mass. Cavalry; Surg. William A. Drake, Post 58,(;,A. R